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Tattoo dangers

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Published: 9.17.2017
Level 4   |   Time: 3:50
Accent: German
BBC Global News Podcast (9.12.2017)

A report on the recently discovered health risks associated with tattoos.

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You can download the file [ HERE ].

    

triangle Directions


  1. REVIEW the vocabulary.
  2. LISTEN to the audio.
  3. ANSWER the questions.
  4. CHECK your answers (Show Answers)

triangle Vocabulary


  • extol [v] - praise
  • ink [n] - a colorful liquid used in pens and tattoos
  • a compound [n] - a combination of at least two elements
  • pigments [n] - the substance that makes color
  • solvents [n] - something that dissolves a substance (similar to an acid)
  • preservatives [n] - a substance used to preserve something
  • regulations [n] - rules made by the government
  • lymph fluid [n] - liquid produced by lymph nodes
  • particles [n] - very tiny pieces of something
  • toxic elements [n] - elements that are poisonous
  • nickle [n] - a type of metal (Ni)
  • chromium [n] - a type of metal (Cr)
  • lymph nodes [n] - part of the body that fights infection and bacteria
  • exposition [n] - a long exposure
  • side effects [n] - a secondary (usually bad) effect of a drug or treatment
  • cleave [v] - separate
  • bleach [v] - become much lighter or whiter
  • carcinogenic [adj] - something that causes cancer

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [adj] - adjective, 


triangle Questions


  1. Where are tattoos more common - the U.S. or the U.K.?
    the U.S.
    the U.K.

  2. What percentage of young Americans (18-29) have tattoos?
    about 20%
    about 33%
    about 40%

  3. According to the report, what is responsible for the dangers associated with tattoos?
    the needles used to give tattoos
    the ink in tattoos
    the people giving the tattoos

  4. In what country was the study about tattoos conducted?
    the U.K.
    the U.S.
    Germany

  5. What is in tattoo ink?
    paint
    preservatives
    solevents
    pigments

  6. How is tattoo ink regulated in Germany?
    very strictly
    as a type of drug
    as a cosmetic

  7. According to the woman, how is tattoo ink different from cosmetics?
    The ink goes deep into the skin.
    The ink stays on the surface of the skin.
    The ink is much less colorful.

  8. What does tattoo ink come in contact with after it enters the body?
    genes
    blood
    the lungs
    lymph fluid

  9. What are some toxic elements in tattoo ink?
    nickle
    lead
    mercury
    chromium

  10. How does tattooing affect people's lymph nodes?
    It makes them larger.
    It makes them smaller.
    It makes them more colorful.
    It stops them from making lymph fluid.

  11. What three problems associated with tattoos does the woman mention?
    Tattoos make your parents angry.
    Tattoos can be ugly.
    Tattoos are permanent.
    Tattoos are expensive.
    You can get infections from tattoos.
    There are dangerous elements in tattoo ink.

  12. What can happen if your tattoo is exposed to sunlight?
    They get lighter (bleach).
    They get brighter (intensify).
    They release more chemicals (cleave).
    They protect your skin from the sun.


triangle Script



Tattoo, a 2012 release by aging rockers Van Halen extolling their love of tattoos. As I'm sure you're aware, tattoos have become a lot more popular over the past couple of decades with some estimating that as many as one in three adults here in the UK have one. In the United States, a poll in 2012 found that one out of every five adults, that's 21 percent, has at least one tattoo. Another U.S. study found that the number was close to 40 percent among those aged 18 to 29.

Well the bad news is that tattoos might be bad for you. Yes you've heard that before from your parents most likely. But now researchers in Germany say yes there's scientific risk because the tattoo ink hasn't been thoroughly tested. Dan Damon spoke to Ines Griever, a researcher from Germany's Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, a scientific body that advises authorities on chemical safety among other things. He started by asking her what's in the ink.

The ink is made of different compounds. The main ingredient of course is the pigments themselves. They give the color, but you have solvents, you have preservatives and other ingredients to make the ink fluid.

And really, has there been any control, any standard setting of what's in the ink?

There are little regulations in Europe. In some countries and Germany, we have regulations since 2009, but it's taken from the cosmetic regulation. But cosmetics, as you know, are staying on the skin, so you have a barrier. In tattooing, you enter the ink deep into the skin. It's getting into contact with lymph fluid and blood. So it's directly entering the body.

So what did you find out specifically? There are some substances in tattoo ink that we should be more cautious about?
What we found out is the smaller the particles are, the easier they can be transported in the body. We also looked for toxic elements, for example like nickel and chromium, and we found that not only in the skin but also in the lymph nodes.

Which is worrying isn't it?

Yes it is. We have a lifelong exposition to this toxic material. I was very shocked when I got to know that the tattoos are also traveling to the lymph nodes, and you have a very large and colorful lymph nodes if you have a tattoo. People nowadays think everything in our environment is kind of controlled by government. And in this case it's actually not. So there are unknown dangers and there are side effects. So if you want to get a tattoo, you should be aware of things that can happen. Next to an ugly tattoo or infections, also the chemicals inside the ink have some dangerous with it. And you should know about it.

What you're saying is much more research and perhaps more regulation is going to be needed.

Yes it is. And especially that people take care what, and the tattooists, take care what inks they use. That you protect your tattoo for example from the sun. If you have very colorful tattoos, some of the pigments can be cleaved by sunlight. This is something you should know. And it's not that just that your tattoo might bleach from it, but it also can release maybe toxic or carcinogenic compounds from the pigments.

Ines Griever of Germany's Federal Institute for Risk Assessment speaking there about tattoos.