isten in English
Misophonia
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Published: 2.26.2017
Level 5   |   Time: 2:25
Accent: Canadian
Source: CBC Quirks & Quarks (2.18.2017)

TOEFL: A lecture on a condition called misophonia which makes people sensitive to annoying sounds

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You can download the file [ HERE ].

    

triangle Directions


  1. REVIEW the vocabulary.
  2. LISTEN to the audio above.
  3. ANSWER the questions (IELTS).
  4. CHECK your answers.

triangle Vocabulary


  • evoke [v] make/cause (an emotion)
  • adverse [adj] make/cause
  • flight [adj] run away
  • onset [v] the beginning of something
  • sloppy [adj] messy / not clean
  • interpersonal [adj] between people
  • bothersome [adj] annoying sounds
  • set (someone) off [phv] make someone angry
  • a trigger [n] a cause
  • a slam dunk [n] a big success (a score in basketball)
  • control group [n] the group that does not receive treatment
  • the palm [n] the inside of the hand
  • the amygdala [n] a part of the brain
  • the hippocampus [adj] a part of the brain
  • the ventral medial prefrontal cortex [n] a part of the brain
  • myelin [n] a part of nerve cells
  • a neuron [n] a cell that carries messages from the brain

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression


triangle Questions


  1. What was the lecture mainly about?
    (A) A brain condition related to people's reactions to sounds
    (B) The degeneration of the brain as people get older
    (C) How some people react to specific sounds
    (D) The ways to overcome hearing annoying sounds

  2. What does the term "misophonia" mean?
    (A) latin hearing
    (B) fear of phones
    (C) reaction to annoying sounds
    (D) hatred of sounds

  3. What does the "fight or flight" response refer to?
    (A) the desire to fight people on airplanes
    (B) the mouth sounds that come from people eating
    (C) a need to get angry or runaway
    (D) a certain kind of fighting style

  4. How much of the population suffers from misophonia?
    (A) about 20 percent
    (B) around half of the population
    (C) people around the age of 5
    (D) the general population

  5. When do people usually start suffering from misophonia?
    (A) in childhood
    (B) early in the day
    (C) almost every day
    (D) It is very rare.

  6. Which annoying sound does the professor NOT mention?
    (A) chewing sounds
    (B) scratching a chalkboard
    (C) swallowing
    (D) a dog barking

  7. Why does the professor consider this study a slam dunk?
    (A) Many people responded to the sounds.
    (B) There was a clear difference between the study group and the control group.
    (C) Many subjects had heightened activity in the brain during the study.
    (D) People had a skin response to the sounds.

  8. What is the Galvanic Skin Response?
    (A) People's hands begin to sweat.
    (B) People get emotional when touched.
    (C) People have increased skin sensitivity.
    (D) a combination of physical and emotional responses

  9. Which parts of the brain became active when subjects heard annoying sounds?
    (A) the motor-control part
    (B) the analytical part
    (C) the emotional processing part
    (D) the cortex

  10. According to the professor, ...
    (A) people only had physical responses to sounds.
    (B) there were permanent changes to the brain.
    (C) there was an increase in the amount of neurons in the brain.
    (D) the amount of myelin was unchanged.

  11. In this talk, "hard-wired" refers to...
    (A) permanent
    (B) destructive
    (C) changeable
    (D) active


triangle Discuss / Consider


  1. Which of these sounds do you find the most annoying?
  2. Which sounds not mentioned in the lecture do you also find annoying?
  3. How do you react to annoying sounds?
  4. What is the best way to ask/tell someone to stop making an annoying sound?
  5. Do you think we should spend money to research this problem?

triangle Links