Superpowers

icon
Published: 10.26.2018
Level 5   |   Time: 3:55
Accent: American
Thinking (4.30.2014)

A video describing how to hack (improve) your body to have superpowers.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY

    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO

    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the tip of the iceberg [exp] - just a small part of the whole, just the beginning
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ proprioception [n] - the ability to sense the movement and position of your body parts
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a forearm [n] - a part of your arm [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grasp [v] - hold
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ nociception [n] - the sense of pain
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ granted [exp] - it is true that
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ magnetoception [n] - the ability to sense magnets
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ navigation [n] - finding the direction
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ migration [n] - a long journey to a new place (often made by birds)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grid [n] - vertical and horizontal lines together [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ on top of [exp] - in addition to
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an implant [n] - something put inside your body by surgery
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a compass [n] - a tool that shows direction [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ upgrading [v] - getting a better version
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a cyborg [n] - part man, part robot [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ full on [exp] - all the way to
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ drumroll please [exp] - building suspense
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ ultrasonic signals [n] - sound waves
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ trigger [v] - cause
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a robotic arm [n] - a mechanical arm [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ alerting [v] - telling you
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a blindfold [n] - a cloth put over your eyes to block your vision [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fend them off [exp] - defend against them
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ track [v] - try to find by sensing a trail
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a jungle [n] - thick tropical forest [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a heat signature [n] - showing heat
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ infrared vision [n] - electromagnetic waves
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the forehead [n] - above your eyes, below your hair [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ wired it [exp] - connected it
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ ultraviolet light [n] - blue/purple neon lights
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ chemo receptors [n] - sensors of chemicals

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


  1. How many senses do humans have?
    5
    6
    More than 6
    It depends on the person.

  2. What is proprioception?
    The ability to sense things before you see them.
    The ability to see your own body parts.
    The ability to sense your body's movements and positions without your using eyes.
    The ability to sense someone's hand on your body.

  3. What is the name for your sense of pain?
    Mechanoreception
    Nociception
    Proprioception
    Thermoception

  4. Which organisms can sense magnetic fields?
    Cats
    Birds
    Insects
    Sea Turtles
    Most mammals
    Many types of fish

  5. How does magnetoception help birds?
    It helps them find food.
    It helps them find directions.
    It helps them migrate.
    They might be able to see the ground like a grid.

  6. Which possible upgrades does the man mention?
    A magnet to pull you towards certain objects.
    A compass that helps you sense magnetic fields.
    A compass that vibrates when you face north.
    A Cyborg that speaks.

  7. How does the Spidey-sense suit work?
    It uses ultrasound.
    Microphones detect the ultrasound waves when they bounce off of objects.
    The sound waves cause a robot to touch you.
    The touch helps you know that something is approaching.

  8. What future abilities does the man mention? The ability to ____
    determine the distance to an object
    determine the material of an object.
    determine the speed of an object
    determine the size of an object
    see objects in the infrared spectrum
    see objects underwater

  9. What did researchers give to rats in 2013?
    Brain implants
    The ability to see the color red.
    The ability to see infrared.
    The ability to sense heat.

  10. How did they do this?
    They put wires on their heads.
    They connected infrared sensors to their forearms.
    They connected infrared sensors to their brains.
    They implanted infrared sensors in their brains.

  11. What other inventions does he mention?
    Ultraviolet skin
    Vision similar to butterflies
    Tongues on our skin
    Taste receptors on our hands



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen



Sentence 1

human / actual / have / than / five / basic / sense


Humans actually have more than (the) five basic senses.



Sentence 2

proprioception / ability / sense / movement / position / body / part / even / when / eye / close


Proprioception is [the/your] ability to sense the movement and position of your body parts even when your eyes are closed.



Sentence 3

nociception / ability / sense / pain


Nociception is the ability to sense of pain.



Sentence 4

some / animal / such / bird / sea / turtle / magnetoception / allow / them / sense / magnet / field


Some animals such as birds and sea turtles have magnetoception, which allows them to sense magnetic fields.
Some animals such as birds and sea turtles have magnetoception, allowing them to sense magnetic fields.



Sentence 5

some / bird / may / able / see / magnet / field / like / grid / overlay / vision


Some birds may be able to see magnetic fields like a grid overlaying their vision.



Sentence 6

bio-implant / make / rare / metal / call / neodymium / may / soon / allow / people / sense / magnet / field / and / determine / direction


Bio-implants (that are) made of a rare metal (that is) called neodymium may soon allow people to sense magnetic fields and determine direction.



Sentence 7

student / University / Illinois / make / Spidey-suit / use / ultrasound / sense / move


Students at the University of Illinois have made a Spidey-suit [that/which] uses ultrasound to sense movement.



Sentence 8

more / advance / version / suit / could / give / people / ability / sense / speed / distance / object


A more advanced version of the suit could give people the ability to sense the speed and distance of an object.



Sentence 9

2013 / scientist / give / rat / implant / allow / them / sense / infrared / radiation


In 2013, scientists gave rats implants that allowed them to sense infrared radiation.
In 2013, scientists gave rats implants allowing them to sense infrared radiation.



triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. Think of your five basic senses. Put them in order from most to least important.
  2. Which of your 5 basic senses would you most like to improve? Why?
  3. Which of the upgrades (mentioned in the video) would you be most interested in? Why?
  4. What if an upgrade required an implant? Would you still do it?
  5. The man mentions a device that helps you find north. How would this be useful? Try to think of three ways it could improve your life.
  6. The man mentions taste receptors on your hands. What would be the pros and cons of this new ability? Would you consider getting it?
  7. The video mentions magnetoception, nociception and proprioception. What are they? Two more senses are mechanoreception and thermoception. What do you think they are?

triangle Script 대본 Texto


Medical science can give you a new hip. But how about a sixth sense.

You know we humans are really aware of the five senses, right? Vision, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. But that's just the tip of the iceberg. There are actually more senses that we have and some of them you probably have never even heard about. For example: proprioception! That's your ability to sense the movement and position of your body parts even if your eyes are closed. Go ahead - try it. Close your eyes stick out your forearm and try and grasp it with your other hand. Pretty cool right? Well what about nociception? That's your sense of pain. Granted it's not my top five but it's still pretty important.

But then we can look to the animal world for some really cool senses like magnetoception. That's the ability to sense magnetic fields. Sea turtles, birds, and some other animals have this ability - they can actually sense the Earth's magnetic field which helps in navigation for long migrations. In fact, some birds might even be able to see magnetic fields like a grid overlaying their vision; which just adds to the reasons to be jealous of them: on top of the fact that they can fly and they're allowed to poop on statues whenever they want. Which I'm being told I absolutely cannot do.

But what if we could expand our senses beyond the ones we already have?

For example, you could have a little bio implant - a magnet made out of a rare earth metal called neodymium; and that would allow you to sense electromagnetic fields. Imagine it: an entire new world of sensation opens up to you. Or how about a different magnetic upgrade. What about a compass that tells you when you're facing north by vibrating. So, you don't look for the North Star, you just look for the North buzz.

And while we're upgrading let's not stop with cyborgs; let's go full on superhero. Some students at the Electronic visualization laboratory of the University of Illinois in Chicago have built a Spidey-sense suit that they call…. drumroll please: “Spider sense.”

Here's how it works: It sends out ultrasonic signals, which, when they come into contact with objects bounce back and are picked up by microphones in the suit, which then trigger a robotic arm to put pressure on your skin alerting you to an oncoming object. And they tested it out in a very scientific way. They had someone dress up in the suit, put on a blindfold, and then get attacked by people. And they fend them off with cardboard ninja stars. Science!

Now this is just a basic model; but you can imagine a more advanced one being able to tell you how far away an object is and how quickly it's coming toward you. And if you don't want to be Spider-Man maybe you're thinking: “No what I really want to be able to do is track Arnold Schwarzenegger through the jungle using just his heat signature with my infrared vision.”

But that is pure science fiction, right? Wrong.

In 2013 researchers gave rats the ability to sense infrared signals through brain implants.

They put infrared sensors on the rats’ foreheads and wired it to the touch center of the rats’ brains so they could actually sense infrared radiation. I kind of want that.

And on the other end of the visual spectrum we have ultraviolet light. Imagine being able to see the way butterflies can see. Let's go really crazy. What about tongue-like chemo receptors on our skin so you can actually taste things with your hands. Imagine all those delicious doorknobs.