Passenger Pigeon Extinction

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Published: 12.03.2017
Level 6   |   Time: 4:43
Accent: Canadian, British
Source: Quirks & Quarks (11.18.2017)

Why did the most abundant bird in the world go extinct in just 50 years?

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You can download the file [ HERE ].

    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY

    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO

    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ extinction [n] - having no living members
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ demise [n] - death
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a flock [n] - a group of birds
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ vulnerable [adj] - weak / helpless / defenseless
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a specimen [n] - an individual animal used for scientific study
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sleek [adj] - smooth
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ aerodynamic [adj] - smooth so as not to create drag from wind
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ get my head around that [exp] - understand that
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ swaths [n] - a broad strip or area of something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ nomadic [adj] - having no permanent home
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ habitat [n] - the natural home or environment of an animal
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ acorns [n] - the fruit of oak trees
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ chips [n] - potato chips
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sexual dimorphism [exp] - the males and females in a species are physically (morphologically) different
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ raised in captivity [exp] - raised by humans / not wild
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ breed [v] - have babies
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ extinct [adj] - gone, disappeared
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ It is unheard of. [exp] - It is very very very rare.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ well-adapted [adj] - fitted suitably into an environment
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sociable [adj] - like to be in large groups
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ collaborate [v] - work together / use teamwork
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ rear [v] - raise and care for (babies)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ young [n] - babies
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ dense [adj] - many members in a small space
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ safety in numbers [exp] - protection from enemies by being in a large group
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ ecology [n] - the study of how an animal relates to its environment

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Comprehension Questions 이해력 검사 문제 Preguntas de comprensión


  1. What was the most abundant bird in North America in the 19th century?
    carrier pigeons
    passenger pigeons
    seagulls

  2. How many passenger pigeons were there in the 19th century?
    almost 3 billion
    3 to 5 billion
    more than 5 billion

  3. How many passenger pigeons are there now?
    about 3 billion
    a few hundred
    none

  4. What was one cause of the extinction of passenger pigeons?
    hunting
    climate change
    lack of food

  5. How did Dr. Murray and her team do research on passenger pigeons?
    They caught and studied specimens.
    They looked at old videos and photographs of specimens.
    They studied specimens from museums.

  6. What was a unique feature of the passenger pigeon?
    They had very few young.
    They flew in very large flocks.
    They could fly very fast.

  7. What would happen when a flock of passenger pigeons flew overhead?
    They would hunt and kill small animals.
    They would fight with other types of birds.
    They would block out the sun.

  8. Where were passenger pigeons located?
    in the Rocky Mountains
    east of the Rocky Mountains
    west of the Rocky Mountains

  9. What did passenger pigeons eat?
    nuts
    acorns
    garbage
    chips

  10. Why did farmers dislike passenger pigeons?
    They were hard to catch.
    They ate farmers' crops.
    They were very loud.

  11. How were males different from females?
    Males had a bright red chest.
    Males were much bigger.
    Males ate a lot more than females.

  12. Who was Martha?
    a scientist
    a museum worker
    the last passenger pigeon

  13. Where was the last passenger pigeon located?
    Cincinnati
    Chicago
    Sydney

  14. How many babies did the last passenger pigeon have?
    14
    29
    none

  15. Why is the extinction of the passenger pigeon so shocking?
    It was a very dramatic decline in numbers.
    It was the first bird to go extinct.
    It was hard to kill them.

  16. Why did people mainly hunt passenger pigeons?
    for food
    to protect their farms
    for sport

  17. What are some of the causes of passenger pigeon extinction?
    human hunting
    habitat destruction
    other predators
    poor adaptation to living in a small population

  18. What were passenger pigeons well-adapted to?
    Living in small groups.
    Living in large groups.
    Living in warm climates.
    Living in cold climates.

  19. What activities did passenger pigeons collaborate (work together) on?
    finding food
    hiding from predators
    hiding nuts
    raising young

  20. What advantage did living in a large population offer passenger pigeons?
    It was easier for them to find food.
    They were able to travel faster.
    They were safer from predators.

  21. What does Dr. Murray think is the most important cause of passenger pigeon extinction?
    human activities
    climate change
    lack of food



triangle TOEFL Questions TOEFL 문제 Preguntas de TOEFL icon



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triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

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