Learn English with PBS

Crow Funerals

Published: 10.30.2021
Level 5   |   Time: 4:34
Accent: American
Source: PBS Deep Look

Crows make a lot of noise when they see one of their friends has died. Are they just scared, or is there something deeper going on?

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.


    É importante ler o vocabulário antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.


    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.


    Primeiro, tente responder a todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.


    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.


    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na preparação para o teste, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura de frases.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ verdant [adj] - green with grass or other rich vegetation
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ idyllic [adj] - very happy, peaceful, or beautiful
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a passerby [n] - someone who comes nearby
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ in earshot [exp] - close enough to hear
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ mayhem [n] - chaos, craziness
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ chatty [adj] - likes to talk
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ watch out [phv] - be careful, look for danger
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a tight-knit group [exp] - a close group of friends
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ show up [phv] - appear
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a wig [n] - fake hair
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ taxidermied [adj] - an animal that is stuffed and preserved after death
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ wail [v] - cry loudly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ scold [v] - call loudly and continuously
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a funeral [n] - an event to honor someone who has died
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ solemn [adj] - sad, serious
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a memorial [n] - an event to remember something from the past
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ unmasked [adj] - without a mask
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ wary [adj] - cautious, nervous
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hazardous [adj] - dangerous
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ approach [v] - move toward
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ erupt in protest [exp] - suddenly and loudly show anger
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ suspicious [adj] - showing caution or distrust of someone or something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ lose it [exp] - go crazy, get angry
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ register [v] - notice, understand
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ deceased [adj] - dead
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a comrade [n] - a friend
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ one of their own [exp] - someone from their group (a member of their species)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a ruckus [n] - a loud noise
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an untimely end [exp] - dying too soon or too young

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]


These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.


Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.


이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.

  1. When a crow sees another dead crow, it ______.
    eats it
    calls out
    flies away
    ignores it

  2. The crow's call makes the other crows ______.
    fly away
    come to the area
    attack the people

  3. Crows are ______ and ______.

  4. Crows generally try to ______ each other.
    steal from

  5. Kaeli Swift leaves piles of _____ for the crows.
    crow feathers

  6. One day, she comes to the park wearing a mask and carrying ______.
    a wig
    an alarm
    a dead crow

  7. Crow funerals are ______ gathering of crows around a dead crow.

  8. When Swift returns with peanuts but not wearing a mask, the crows ______.
    mostly ignore her
    don't seem to remember her
    cautiously take the peanuts
    go crazy and call out loudly

  9. When Swift returns wearing the mask, the crows ______.
    mostly ignore her
    don't seem to remember her
    cautiously approach her
    go crazy and call out loudly

  10. Pigeons _____ when they see her carrying a dead pigeon.
    mostly ignore her
    don't seem to like her
    cautiously approach her
    go crazy and call out loudly

  11. ______ react strongly when they see one of their own species dead.
    Only crows
    Few animals
    Most animals

  12. After a few weeks, the crows ______ when she returns wearing a mask.
    mostly ignore her
    don't seem to remember her
    cautiously approach
    go crazy and call out loudly

triangle Sentence Building 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]


This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)


Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).


이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)

' . $summarydirections . '
Sentence 1

passing / crow / let / piercing / call / when / it / notice / dead / crow

A passing crow lets out a piercing call when it notices a dead crow.

Sentence 2

crow / call / cause / other / crow / rush / scene

The crow's call causes other crows to rush to the scene.

Sentence 3

crow / intelligent / chatty / animal / live / tight-knit / group

Crows are intelligent (and) chatty animals that live in tight-knit groups.

Sentence 4

Kaeli Swift / Ph.D. / candidate / University / Washington

Kaeli Swift is a Ph.D. candidate [at/from] the University of Washington

Sentence 5

she / set / experiment / find / why / crow / react / so / strong / see / dead / crow

She set up an experiment to find out why crows react so strongly to seeing a dead crow.

Sentence 6

for / few / day / she / leave / pile / peanut / for / crow / park

For a few days, she leaves piles of peanuts for (the) crows in the park.

Sentence 7

one / day / she / show / wear / mask / wig / and / carry / dead / crow

One day, she shows up wearing a mask and (a) wig and carrying a dead crow.

Sentence 8

when / crow / see / her / carry / dead / crow / they / erupt / protest

When the crows see her carrying the dead crow, they erupt in protest.

Sentence 9

when / Swift / return / park / without / mask / crow / seem / suspicious / but / still / take / peanut

When Swift returns to the park without the mask, the crows seem suspicious but (they) still take [the/her] peanuts.

Sentence 10

crow / lose / it / when / Swift / return / park / wear / mask / even / though / she / not / have / dead / crow

The crows lose it when Swift returns to the park wearing the mask even though she doesn't have [the/a] dead crow.

Sentence 11

when / Swift / return / wear / mask / several / week / later / crow / still / lose / it

When Swift returns wearing the mask several weeks later, the crows still lose it.

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión

  1. What are the three most interesting things that you learned from this video?
  2. What was the purpose of Swift's experiment? What is she trying to find out or prove?
  3. Do you think this kind of research is valuable? How?
  4. According to the video, which animals "react strongly to seeing one of their own who’s died"? Why do you think so few animals have a strong reaction?
  5. What are the genetic advantages of caring about seeing a dead member of your own species? What are the genetic advantages of not caring?
  6. Which animals do you think are the most intelligent? What evidence suggests that these animals are intelligent? (i.e. How do you scientists test animal intelligence?) [ Safaris Africana ]
  7. Which of these activities do you think crows can do? If not crows, what other animals can do them? [ Thought Co. ]
    • Use tools to solve problems. [ crows ]
    • Hide food from other animals. [ crows ]
    • Recognize a person's face. [ crows ]
    • Recognize different human languages. [ elephants ]
    • Recognize themselves in a mirror. [ dolphins, chimps, pigeons, elephants ]
    • Use cars driving on the highway to crack nuts. [ crows ]
  8. What abilities do animals have that humans don't have?
  9. What abilities do humans have that no other animals have?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

Big news! You can now support Deep Look on Patreon. More after the show.

A verdant park, an idyllic day. But something has gone terribly wrong. A passerby discovers it first -- and lets out a piercing call.

Within seconds, everyone in earshot rushes to the scene. It’s mayhem… or so it seems.

Crows are intelligent, and super chatty They watch out for one another within tight-knit groups.

As adults it’s pretty rare for crows to be killed. So when one dies the others notice. Are they just scared? Or is something deeper going on.

Kaeli Swift, a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Washington, set up an experiment to find out.

She visits a park in Seattle for a few days, leaving piles of peanuts for the crows. Then one day, Swift shows up looking very different. Wearing a mask and a wig, she carries a dead taxidermied crow.

The first one that sees her sounds the alarm. The flock erupts in protest. The crows seem to wail and scold her and the dead bird.

Swift calls these crow funerals, though they’re not the solemn memorials we put on for our dead. She thinks these noisy gatherings are opportunities for crows to learn about the dangers that surround them, within the safety of the group.

When an unmasked Swift returns to the park the next week with more tasty peanuts, the crows are quiet and wary. They seem to have learned there’s something hazardous about this place. Still, they eat the peanuts. But they take longer to approach and seem to be much more suspicious.

And when Swift returns wearing the mask? They lose it. Even without the dead crow, they still see her as a threat.

Compare that to these pigeons. They barely seem to register her holding their deceased comrade. That’s how most creatures react. Just a few, like dolphins, elephants and crows react strongly to seeing one of their own who’s died.

Even weeks later the crows cause a ruckus when they see the mask. Some never even saw her with the dead crow but they still learned to associate her with danger.

It’s called social learning -- gaining new information by observing and imitating others. We’re always looking to learn from one another too. To avoid the mistakes that lead others to meet their untimely end.

Hey there. We love making Deep Look, and if you love it too, guess what - Deep Look is on Patreon! Patreon lets you support us each month, so we can do more and better stuff for you. Like chats with producers and scientists, and extra episodes in faraway lands. You'll be invited to our members-only community, where you can give us your story ideas and get Deep Look schwag. So click on the Patreon link here or in the description to sign up. See you there!