Learn English with American English File 4

4.4 Trouble with the Car


EZ TV icon
Published: 6.27.2022
Level 3   |   Time: 3:51
Accent: American, British

Henry wants to drive Jenny into town, but the tires of his car are flat.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bring over [phv] - bring to a place
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fix [v] - repair
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ look forward to [v] - be excited about a future event
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bright [adj] - smart
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ I'll bet... [exp] - I think...
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Greek mythology [exp] - stories about gods and heroes from Ancient Greece
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a tire [n] - the rubber part of a wheel on a car or bike [image] ESL Vocab - a tire
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ flat [adj] - having no air inside [image] ESL Vocab - a flat tire
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a spare [n] - an extra (tire) [image] ESL Vocab - a spare tire
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ punctured [adj] - with a hole
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ vandals [n] - people who destroy things
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ on purpose [exp] - not accidental
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a footpath [n] - a sidewalk, a place to walk
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ AA [n] - a company that helps people with car troubles (Automative Association)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ look up [phv] - search, research
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ inconvenient [adj] - not easy to do
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ rent [v] - pay to borrow something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ work his magic [exp] - do something difficult
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ in case [exp] - if
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ running a bit late [exp] - a bit late in your activities
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a car rental place [exp] - a company that rents cars
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ It's cool. [exp] - Okay! No problem!

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


Jenny Henry Luke
Jenny Henry Luke

  • Jenny is an American.
  • She is married to an English man named Rob.
  • Jenny is visiting Rob's father in England (Henry).
  • Luke is Rob's cousin.
  • Jenny's computer seems to have a virus.
  • Luke is a computer geek.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas


  1. The airport can't find Jenny's suitcase.
    True
    False

  2. Jenny plans to buy new clothes.
    True
    False

  3. Henry's nephew is going to fix Jenny's computer.
    True
    False

  4. Henry's car has four flat tires.
    True
    False

  5. Henry thinks that someone punctured his tires on purpose.
    True
    False

  6. Jenny tries to call a taxi.
    True
    False

  7. Jenny decides to take a bus.
    True
    False

  8. Jenny wants to borrow Henry's car.
    True
    False

  9. Jenny offers to cook dinner for Henry.
    True
    False

  10. Jenny is worried that she won't be able to find Luke's home.
    True
    False

  11. This is the first time that Jenny has met Luke.
    True
    False

  12. Luke offers Jenny some tea.
    True
    False

  13. Jenny wants to stay and watch Luke fix her computer.
    True
    False



triangle Grammar 문법 Gramática Gramática (question forms)


Directions: Read the question prompt and the answer. Then make a logical question using the verb(s) provided.


  1. Q: Who _______________ computer? (fix)

    Who is going to fix Jenny's computer?
    Who will fix Jenny's computer?

    A: Luke.



  2. Q: What _______________? (teach)

    What (subject) does Henry teach?

    A: Greek mythology



  3. Q: Where _______________ stop? (be)

    Where is the bus stop?

    A: On the main road



  4. Q: How _______________ house? (find)

    How will Jenny find Luke's house?

    A: She has his address.



  5. Q: Why _______________ Henry? (want, cook)

    Why does Jenny want to cook (dinner) for Henry?

    A: To thank him for having her over.



  6. Q: What _______________ dinner? (be)

    What time is dinner?

    A: 7 p.m.



triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.



Sentence 1

Jenny / find / out / airport / locate / suitcase


Jenny finds out (that) the airport has located her suitcase.



Sentence 2

Henry / offer / drive / Jenny / nephew / house


Henry offers to drive Jenny to his nephew's house.



Sentence 3

Henry / shocked / discover / he / have / two / flat / tire


Henry is shocked to discover (that) he has two flat tires.



Sentence 4

Henry / offer / call / Jenny / taxi / but / Jenny / decide / take / bus


Henry offers to call Jenny a taxi, but Jenny decided to take a bus.



Sentence 5

Jenny / plan / rent / car / when / she / go / town


Jenny plans to rent a car when she goes into town.



Sentence 6

Jenny / want / cook / dinner / Henry / thank / him / have / her


Jenny wants to cook dinner for Henry (in order) to thank him for having her (over).



Sentence 7

Jenny / walk / up / Luke / house / and / knock / door


Jenny walks up to Luke's house and knocks on the door.



Sentence 8

Luke / invite / Jenny / in / and / offer / her / coffee


Luke invites Jenny in and offers her (some) coffee.



Sentence 9

Jenny / ask / she / can / just / leave / computer / Luke


Jenny asks [if/whether] she can just leave the computer with Luke.



triangle Act It Out 연기하자 Execute o diálogo Actuarlo


Directions: With a partner or in a group, listen to the conversation and then try to act out the situation. Focus on intonation, stress, and rhythm.

Instrucciones: Con un compañero o en grupo, escucha la conversación y trata de representar la situación.

Instrucciones: Com um companheiro ou em grupo, escute a conversa e trate de representar a situação.

지시 사항 : 파트너와 함께 또는 그룹으로 대화를 듣고 상황을 연기해봅시다. 억양, 강세, 리듬에 집중하세요.



  • Henry:
    Good news?
  • Jenny:
    Great news! They found my suitcase, and they're bringing it over later today.
  • Henry:
    Excellent. Right. I'll take you to my nephew's house so he can fix your computer.
  • Jenny:
    I'm looking forward to meeting Luke.
  • Henry:
    You'll like him. He's a bright boy, not that I understand a word he says.
  • Jenny:
    I'll bet he doesn't know much about Greek mythology either.
  • Henry:
    You're probably right.

  • Henry:
    That's funny.
  • Jenny:
    What's wrong?
  • Henry:
    The tire's flat!
  • Jenny:
    Oh, do you have a spare?
  • Henry:
    Well yes. It shouldn't be flat. It's new. I don't believe it.
  • Jenny:
    What is it?
  • Henry:
    They're both flat. They've been punctured.
  • Jenny:
    What? Somebody did that on purpose? In the English countryside?
  • Henry:
    You get vandals everywhere these days.

  • Henry:
    I'll call you a taxi.
  • Jenny:
    Isn't there a bus I could catch?
  • Henry:
    Well, there's a bus stop on the main road. You could get the bus to Oxford from there, I suppose.
  • Jenny:
    How do I get to the bus stop?
  • Henry:
    Well, the quickest way is the footpath at the back of the house.
  • Jenny:
    I think I'll do that then.
  • Henry:
    Are you sure you want to get the bus? How will you find Luke's house?
  • Jenny:
    You gave me the address. I can look it up on my phone if I get lost.

  • Jenny:
    Oh and I'd like to cook dinner this evening to thank you for having me.
  • Henry:
    You don't need to do that.
  • Jenny:
    I want to.
  • Henry:
    Well, if you're sure. What time?
  • Jenny:
    How about seven o'clock?
  • Henry:
    Great. And I'll keep my phone on in case you need me.
  • Jenny:
    See you later, Henry.

  • Jenny:
    Luke!
  • Luke:
    You must be Jenny. Hi.
  • Jenny:
    Nice to meet you!
  • Luke:
    Oh, uh you too. Come in! Would you like some coffee? I've just made some.
  • Jenny:
    I'd love to, but I'm running a bit late. I'm really sorry, but could I just leave the computer here with you?
  • Luke:
    Yeah, no problem.
  • Jenny:
    That's great.

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. Why does Henry think his tires are punctured (flat)? Why do you think his tires are punctured?
  2. Do you think that Luke is in danger? Why?
  3. Who do you ask for help when you need help with your computer?
  4. What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in the countryside?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Jenny: Hello. Yes it is. Oh, that's great news. Thank you.

Jenny: Later today? Great! Now I won't have to buy new clothes.

Jenny: Yeah. That's the right address. Bye

Henry: Good news?

Jenny: Great news! They found my suitcase, and they're bringing it over later today.

Henry: Excellent. Right. I'll take you to my nephew's house so he can fix your computer.

Jenny: I'm looking forward to meeting Luke.

Henry: You'll like him. He's a bright boy, not that I understand a word he says.

Jenny: I'll bet he doesn't know much about Greek mythology either.

Henry: You're probably right. That's funny.

Jenny: What's wrong?

Henry: The tire's flat!

Jenny: Oh, do you have a spare?

Henry: Well yes. It shouldn't be flat. It's new. I don't believe it.

Jenny: What is it?

Henry: They're both flat. They've been punctured.

Jenny: What? Somebody did that on purpose? In the English countryside?

Henry: You get vandals everywhere these days. Well I'll have to stay here and see if I can get the AAA to bring out another spare tire. I'll call you a taxi.

Jenny: Isn't there a bus I could catch?

Henry: Well, there's a bus stop on the main road. You could get the bus to Oxford from there, I suppose.

Jenny: How do I get to the bus stop?

Henry: Well, the quickest way is the footpath at the back of the house.

Jenny: I think I'll do that then.

Henry: Are you sure you want to get the bus? How will you find Luke's house?

Jenny: You gave me the address. I can look it up on my phone if I get lost.

Henry: Yes of course. Well this is really inconvenient for you. You're going to borrow my car, aren't you?

Jenny: No, don't worry Henry. I'd actually decided to rent a car. Anyway, I'll need it for work, and it'll probably be cheaper to run here than in London. I can get one while Luke is working his magic.

Henry: Well, if you're absolutely sure, just go to the back door and you'll see the path. Follow that takes you to the bus stop.

Jenny: Okay! Oh and I'd like to cook dinner this evening to thank you for having me.

Henry: You don't need to do that.

Jenny: I want to.

Henry: Well, if you're sure. What time?

Jenny: How about seven o'clock?

Henry: Great. And I'll keep my phone on in case you need me.

Jenny: See you later, Henry.

Henry: Bye.

Henry: Who's that?


Jenny: Luke!

Luke: You must be Jenny. Hi.

Jenny: Nice to meet you!

Luke: Oh, uh you too. Come in! Would you like some coffee? I've just made some.

Jenny: I'd love to, but I'm running a bit late. We had trouble with the car, and then the bus took forever, and oh I really need to get to a car rental place. I'm really sorry, but could I just leave the computer here with you?

Luke: Yeah, no problem.

Jenny: That's great. I feel awful just leaving it here like this.

Luke: Honestly, don't worry about it.

Jenny: Are you sure?

Luke: Yeah, it's cool. I love doing this kind of thing. I'll send you a text and let you know how I'm getting on.

Jenny: That's nice of you, Luke. Thanks.

Luke: Okay see you later.

Jenny: See you later.

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