Learn English with Friends

#15. The Dirty Apartment


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Published: 6.24.2017
Level 4   |   Time: 4:51
Accent: American
Source: Friends [S4 E06]

Ross is dating a girl with an extremely dirty apartment.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ homo erectus [n] - an early human form [image] ESL Vocab - homo erectus
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Cinnamon Fruit Toasties [n] - a (fake) breakfast cereal [image] ESL Vocab - breakfast cereal
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ don't take (this) the wrong way [exp] - don't become angry or offended, don't misunderstand
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ do it [exp] - have sex
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sloppiness [n] - being dirty or messy
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ endearing [adj] - cute, causing love
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the department of sanitation [n] - the government office that picks up garbage
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ freak out [phv] - get scared
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an anthropologist [n] - a scientist who studies prehistoric humans
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ make out [phv] - kiss passionately

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


Ross from Friends Joey from Friends Monica from Friends
Ross Joey Monica
  • Ross is on a date with Cheryl.
  • Joey is one of Ross's best friends.
  • Monica is Ross's sister.
  • Monica is a very clean person (a neat freak).

Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas


  1. Why does Ross mention homo erectus?
    Because he wants to talk about anthropology.
    Because he is an anthropologist.
    Because he wants to come into her apartment.
    Because he is making a sexual joke.

  2. Why does Ross stop when he enters Cheryl's apartment?
    Because the apartment is so messy.
    Because Cheryl is so beautiful.
    Because Cheryl is too aggressive.
    Because he is hungry.

  3. Who is Mitzi?
    Cheryl's roommate
    Cheryl's cat
    Cheryl's hamster

  4. Why does Ross mention Cinnamon Fruit Toasties?
    He loves breakfast cereal.
    He is hungry.
    He wants to move the date to his apartment.

  5. Why doesn't Cheryl want to go to Ross's apartment?
    Because it is only their first date.
    Because Ross's apartment has a bad smell.
    Because she doesn't like Ross romantically.

  6. What did Ross do next?
    He left.
    He tried to kiss Cheryl.
    He helped Cheryl clean her apartment.

  7. What does Ross tell Joey about Cheryl?
    He wants to see her again.
    Her apartment is garbage piled on garbage.
    Her sloppiness in endearing (cute).

  8. What does Ross think his apartment smells like?
    man
    soap
    cinnamon

  9. What advice does Joey give Ross?
    Break up with her
    Have sex with her in the messy apartment
    Help her clean the apartment

  10. What does Joey compare Cheryl to?
    an actress
    a model
    a rat
    a pig

  11. What does Ross do with his jacket?
    He takes it off.
    He hangs it up.
    He brushes away some mess.
    He sits on it.

  12. What does Ross sit in the mess?
    Because he is excited about kissing Cheryl.
    Because he wants to prove the mess doesn't bother him.
    Because he is tired.

  13. What disgusting things does Ross find/see while he is making out with (kissing) Cheryl?
    peanut butter
    chocolate sauce
    dirty pots
    sandwich meat
    something moving in a potato chip bag

  14. Why does Cheryl think is in the potato chip bag?
    her hamster
    a rat
    potato chips

  15. What is actually in the potato chip bag?
    her hamster
    a rat
    potato chips

  16. When Cheryl talks to Monica, how does she feel about Ross?
    She seems quite angry.
    She seems a little disappointed.
    She seems very sad.

  17. Why does Monica visit Cheryl's apartment?
    She is angry at Cheryl.
    She wants to get Ross's jacket.
    She wants to clean Cheryl's apartment.



triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.



Sentence 1

Cheryl / invite / Ross / apartment / after / they / kiss


Cheryl invites Ross into her apartment after they kiss.



Sentence 2

Ross / not / believe / how / disgusting / Cheryl / apartment


Ross can't believe how disgusting Cheryl's apartment is.



Sentence 3

as / as / Cheryl / walk / apartment / she / start / look / hamster


As soon as Cheryl walks into her apartment, she starts [looking/to look] for her hamster.



Sentence 4

Ross / suggest / they / go / apartment / eat / Cinnamon / Fruit / Toasties


Ross suggests (that) they go to his apartment [and/to] eat (some) Cinnamon Fruit Toasties.



Sentence 5a

Cheryl / not / want / go / Ross / apartment / because / it / weird / smell


Cheryl doesn't want to go to Ross's apartment because it has a weird smell.



Sentence 5b

Cheryl / not / want / go / Ross / apartment / because / it / smell / weird


Cheryl doesn't want to go to Ross's apartment because it smells weird.



Sentence 6

Ross / describe / Cheryl / apartment / Joey


Ross describes Cheryl's apartment to Joey.



Sentence 7

Joey / tell / Ross / back / Cheryl / apartment


Joey tells Ross to go back to Cheryl's apartment.



Sentence 8

Ross / hold / breath / before / enter / Cheryl / apartment


Ross holds his breath before he enters Cheryl's apartment.
Ross holds his breath before entering Cheryl's apartment.



Sentence 9

Ross / use / jacket / clear / place / sit


Ross uses his jacket to clear (off) a place to sit (down).



Sentence 10

Ross / put / hand / something / gooey / when / they / start / make


Ross puts his hand in something gooey when they start [making/to make] out.



Sentence 11

Ross / see / something / move / potato / chip / bag / and / kill / it / toliet / bowl / brush


Ross sees something moving in a potato chip bag(,) and (he) kills it with toliet bowl brush.



Sentence 12

Cheryl / think / Ross / kill / hamster / but / actually / rat


Cheryl thinks (that) Ross (has) killed her hamster, but it was actually a rat.



Sentence 13

Monica / visit / Cheryl / apartment / because / want / clean / it


Monica visits Cheryl's apartment because she wants to clean it.



triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Ouça e repita Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat


This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.

Ouvir e repetir


Esta atividade tem dois propósitos.

O primeiro objetivo é melhorar a precisão auditiva. Os alunos geralmente podem entender o significado geral de um vídeo, mas ainda não ouvem e entendem muitas das palavras que são ditas. Isso ocorre porque os falantes nativos tendem a dizer as palavras funcionais de forma pouco clara. (por exemplo, não sei, vou, quero, não posso, devo ter) Esta atividade é projetada para ajudar os alunos a melhorar sua capacidade de ouvir essas palavras.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e tentar repetir exatamente o que ouviram. Em seguida, deveriam clicar em “Mostrar” e ler a frase. Depois de ler a frase, os alunos devem ouvir novamente e tentar ouvir cada palavra.

O segundo objetivo é melhorar a pronúncia.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e ler as frases ao mesmo tempo. Em seguida, os alunos devem tentar copiar exatamente a pronúncia e a entonação do falante.

DICA: É útil exagerar na entonação e no sentimento do falante. Pode parecer estranho ou engraçado, mas ajudará você a soar mais natural.


Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

Instrucciones: Reproduzca el clip de audio e intente repetir lo que escucha. Haga clic en "Mostrar" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.


Clip 1

Would you like to come in?



Clip 2

I hope she's okay, I haven't seen her in a while.



Clip 3

Why don't we go back to my place...



Clip 4

But your place kind of has a weird smell.



Clip 5

What do you mean? Nothing happened! I had to get out of there.



Clip 6

What kind of smell?



Clip 7

I don't know. Soap?



Clip 8

So you're going to have to do it in the mess!



Clip 9

So (do) you want to come inside?



Clip 10

Oh my god! I-I'm so sorry, Cheryl. I-I must have freaked out.



Clip 11

He told me about your apartment.



triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. What was your first thought when you saw Cheryl's apartment? Does her apartment make her seem less attractive?
  2. Ross puts his hand into something brown and gooey. What do you think it is? Give three possibilities. (Use: could, might, may, must)
  3. What is the worst part about Cheryl's apartment - the dirty clothes, the food, the hamster, the rat, something else? Why?
  4. Do you think Ross is overreacting? What would you do if you were in Ross's situation? Would you break up with her?
  5. Which is worse - a messy apartment or an apartment with bad smell? Why?
  6. What is the difference between messy and dirty? How is Cheryl's apartment messy? How is it dirty?
  7. Are you more of a neat freak (a very clean person) or a slob (a very dirty person)?
  8. Could you date a really messy person like Cheryl?
  9. If you were dating Cheryl (or a man like Cheryl), how could you encourage her (him) to be cleaner?

Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Cheryl: Um, would you like to come in?

Ross: Did homo-erectus hunt with wooden tools?

Cheryl: According to recent findings!

Cheryl: Here Mitzi! Here Mitzi!

Ross: Mitzi is.....

Cheryl: My hamster. I hope she's okay, I haven't seen her in a while. Have a seat.

Ross: Uh... Oh hey, do you, uh ...do you have any, um, Cinnamon Fruit Toasties?

Cheryl: What?

Ross: Well, I do! Why don't we go back to my place, light a couple of candles, break open a box of Cinnamon Fruit Toasties, uh...

Cheryl: I'd rather not.

Ross: Oh, yeah, why not?

Cheryl: Okay, um, don't take this the wrong way, but your place kinda has a weird smell.

Joey: So, you just left? Her place was really that bad?

Ross: You know how you throw your jacket on a chair at the end of the day?

Joey: Yeah.

Ross: Well, like that, only instead of a chair, it's a pile of garbage. And instead of a jacket, it's a pile of garbage. And instead of the end of the day, it's the end of time, and garbage is all that has survived! Here.

Joey: Wow. Thanks. So, uh, what happened?

Ross: What do you mean? Nothing happened! I had to get out of there.

Joey: All right, so... next time, you take her to your place.

Ross: No, I tried that. She says it has a weird smell.

Joey: What kind of smell?

Ross: I don't know. Soap?

Joey: All right, listen, Ross... you like this girl, right?

Ross: Yeah.

Joey: You wanna see her again, right?

Ross: Yeah.

Joey: So you're gonna have to do it in the mess!

Ross: Yeah, okay you're right.

Joey: Yeah.

Ross: I mean, uh, who... who cares about a little sloppiness?

Joey: Yeah!

Ross: It's, uh... it's endearing, really.

Joey: All right! Now you go get that beautiful pig! (Ross hesitates, looks unsure) Oink!

Cheryl: So you want to come inside?

Ross: Yes. Yes I do.

Cheryl: I'll be right back. Make yourself comfortable.

Cheryl: Guess who?

Ross: Department of Sanitation?

Cheryl: It's me!

Ross: Oh! Ah. Aw!

Cheryl: What?

Ross: Ah, Cheryl!

Cheryl: Oh, Ross!

Cheryl: Wait! No! No! It's my hamster! It's Mitzi!

Ross: Oh my god! I'm so sorry, Cheryl. I must have freaked out.

Cheryl: Oh, thank god, it's not Mitzi. It's just a rat.

Monica: Hi. Uh, you... you don't know me, I'm Monica Geller... Ross's sister.

Cheryl: Oh, yeah. Oh, you know, that's too bad that didn't work out.

Monica: Yeah. Anyway, he told me about your apartment. And, um, I couldn't sleep, thinking about it. So, uh, would it be okay if I cleaned it?

Monica: No?

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