Peregrine Falcons as Parents

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Published: 8.22.2021
Level 5   |   Time: 5:30
Accent: American
Source: YouTube

A family of peregrine falcon raise their chicks in a bell tower at Berkeley.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY

    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO

    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ raise [v] - bring a baby to maturity
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ chicks [n] - baby birds
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ provide [v] - give food and support to your family
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a nest [n] - the home of a bird [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ 300-foot [adj] - about 100-meter
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a bell tower [n] - a tall thin building with a bell at the top
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ courtesy of [exp] - thanks to
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a perch [n] - a high place to stand at look around
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ scan [v] - look, search
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ prey [n] - an animal that is eaten by a predator
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a nook [n] - a small space or hole
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a cliff [n] - a very steep, vertical face of rock [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ scratch [v] - to scrape or dig with the claws or nails
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a depression [n] - a shallow (not deep) hole
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ lays an egg [exp] - when a bird produces eggs
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ drop by [phv] - visit without an invitation
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ scope out [phv] - check out, examine
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ take turns [exp] - alternate
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ jump into action [exp] - quickly start doing something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an agricultural pesticide [n] - a chemical to protect plants/crops from insects
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ DDT [n] - a colorless odorless pesticide
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a shell [n] - the outside of an egg
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ calcium [n] - a chemical element, good for bones, found in milk
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ lingering effects [exp] - effects that last for a long time
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ tender morsels [n] - soft delicious pieces of food
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ cough something up [phv] - bring something up out through the mouth by coughing
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ develop an attitude [exp] - become very demanding
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hangry [adj] - hungry + angry
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a season finale [n] - the last episode of a tv show season
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hang around [phv] - stay, not leave
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ horse around [phv] - have fun, play, usually in a rough way
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ conservation efforts [exp] - effort made to protect animals or the environment

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


  1. Peregrine falcons are _____ animals in the world.
    the fastest
    one of the fastest

  2. Peregrine falcons only give _____ to their babies.
    meat
    eggs
    insects
    other birds

  3. Peregrine falcons _____ eat other birds.
    never
    rarely
    mostly
    only

  4. The _____ is trying to impress the _____ with a gift of meat.
    male, female
    female, male

  5. These two falcons have made their nest at the top of a _____ tall tower.
    30-foot
    300-foot
    30-meter
    300-meter

  6. There are _____ cameras watching the bird nest.
    two
    three
    four
    five

  7. The female scratches a depression in the ground to _____.
    hide the eggs
    keep the eggs warm
    stop the eggs from rolling away

  8. This peregrine falcon lays _____ eggs.
    two
    three
    four
    five

  9. The falcon couple _____ other falcons near the nest.
    wants
    doesn't want

  10. The chemical DDT used to make the falcon egg shells _____.
    darker
    thinner
    poisonous

  11. DDT was banned in the US in _____.
    1972
    1982
    1992

  12. ____ of the eggs hatch.
    Two
    Three
    Four

  13. The falcon chicks _____ bones and feathers when they are eating.
    avoid
    digest
    cough up

  14. The falcon chicks need a lot of energy to _____.
    get to full size
    grow adult feathers

  15. The falcon chicks are able to fly after _____.
    three weeks
    four weeks
    five weeks
    six weeks

  16. The falcon chicks stay in the nest for _____ after they learn to fly.
    another week
    another month
    another year



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다.


Sentence 1

peregrine / falcon / fast / animal / world


Peregrine falcons are the fastest animal(s) in the world.



Sentence 2

peregrine / falcon / only / give / meat / chick


Peregrine falcons only give meat to their chicks.



Sentence 3

male / peregrine / give / meat / female / prove / he / will / able / provide


The male peregrine gives meat to the female (in order) to prove (that) he will be able to provide.



Sentence 4

two / peregrine / build / nest / top / bell / tower / Berkeley


The two peregrines (have) built their nest at the top of a bell tower [at/in] Berkeley.



Sentence 5

peregrine / build / nest / tall / building / that / they / can / scan / prey


Peregrines build their nest in tall buildings so that they can scan for prey.



Sentence 6

in / wild / female / peregrine / scratch / depression / gravel / that / egg / not / roll


In the wild, female peregrines scratch depressions [into/in] (the) gravel so that their eggs don’t roll [off/away].



Sentence 7

when / young / peregrine / come / near / nest / male / peregrine / chase / it / away


When a young peregrine comes near (to) the nest, the male peregrine chases it away.



Sentence 8

agricultural / pesticide / DDT / can / weak / peregrine / egg


The agricultural pesticide DDT can weaken peregrine eggs.



Sentence 9

only / three / four / egg / hatch


Only three of the four eggs hatch.



Sentence 10

at / month / old / baby / peregrine / need / lot / energy / grow / mature / wing / feather


At [a/one] month old, the baby peregrines need a lot of energy (in order) to grow (their) mature wing feathers.



Sentence 11

at / six / week / peregrine / chick / able / fly


At six weeks, the peregrine chicks are able to fly.



Sentence 12

young / falcon / hang / tower / least / month / after / they / learn / fly


The young falcons hang around the tower for at least a month after they [learn/have learned] to fly.



triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. What were the three most interesting facts that you learned about peregrine falcons from the video?
  2. From the video, can you explain why peregrine falcons faced extinction? Use these words: 60 years,   accumulate,   broke,   calcium,   DDT,   eggs,   pesticide,   reduce,   sat,   shell,   thin
  3. Males provide direct care of their young in less than 5% of mammal species, but in 90% of bird species, the males stay around to help raise the young. Why do you think this is?   Source: WSJ 2016
  4. What do you know about DDT? What was it used for? Why was it banned?
  5. Do you like birds? In your opinion, which types of birds are the most beautiful or majestic? Which types of birds are ugly or disgusting?
  6. Which birds do you think have the thickest, strongest, most durable eggs?
  7. Peregrine falcons can fly at a speed of about 390 km/h. What do you think is the fastest land animal in the world (speed: ~120km/h)? What is the fastest animal in water (speed: ~130 km/h)?

triangle Script 대본 Texto


Peregrine falcons are the fastest animals in the world. In more ways than one.

Making and raising chicks takes a lot of food: only meat, mostly birds.

This male has to prove he’s really good at hunting.

Male: Hungry, dear?

A fresh meal is his way of winning her heart and showing her he can provide for future babies.

Female: K. Thanks. Bye.

With a little dancing in their nest, Grinnell and Annie prepare to become parents.

This is home: the top of the 300-foot bell tower at the University of California, Berkeley.

This three-camera reality show comes courtesy of researchers who discovered Annie and Grinnell nesting here year after year.

Peregrines love tall buildings. They give them a perch to scan for prey. And a nook for their eggs.

On the cliffs that are their natural habitat, mom scratches a depression into the gravel so her eggs don’t roll off.

Annie does the same thing in her nest.

In the middle of the night, she lays her first egg. And she’s not done. With four eggs to protect, the hard work is just starting.

An unwelcome visitor drops by. She’s a young peregrine scoping out a spot of her own.

She could be trouble for the eggs.

Grinnell is taking a turn keeping them warm and he jumps into action.

Grinnell: And don’t come back!

Peregrine falcon eggs faced an even more dangerous threat 60 years ago. Back then, the agricultural pesticide DDT accumulated in peregrines’ bodies’. The chemical reduced the amount of calcium in their eggs. Their thin shells broke when parents sat on them. Few eggs survived.

Scientists worked tirelessly to bring peregrines back from near-extinction, after DDT was banned in the U.S. in 1972. They hatched the delicate eggs in captivity and returned the chicks to their parents to raise.

Smile!

Back in Annie and Grinnell’s nest … Congratulations! Three hungry mouths to feed. The fourth egg broke, maybe from lingering effects of DDT.

Mom is careful to only feed the chicks tender morsels.

By day 10, they can handle bones and feathers too. They just cough them up.

Much better.

At a month old, they develop an attitude. They need a ton of energy to grow their mature wing feathers. No wonder they’re hangry!

Soon, they’re almost ready to take flight.

Peregrine chick: Alright, I got this. And, uh. Okay. Well. So. I’m OK!

At six weeks, it’s the season finale their fans have been waiting for.

Oh, my gosh! Oh, go little birdie! Woooh! Oh, that’s amazing!

The young falcons hang around the tower for at least another month making a mess, horsing around, and yes, screaming at their parents.

Their story almost didn’t happen. But through conservation efforts they’re still here keeping our cities just a little wilder.



Hey Deep Peeps, it’s Laura. It’s been a tough year, but just like Annie and Grinnell, we’re all trying to make 2020 work. So check out Self-Evident, a new PBS show hosted by our friend and historian Danielle Bainbridge, from Origin of Everything, and therapist Ali Mattu, from The Psych Show. They explore the lives of real Americans doing their best during this very weird time. Link in the description. And take care out there.