#11. Friends and Betrayal

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Published: 2.17.2022
Level 5   |   Time: 5:04
Accent: American
Source: Big Bang Theory [S4 E06]

Raj freaks out when he finds out that Leonard has been secretly meeting his sister Priya.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ LAX [n] - The Los Angeles Airport
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ object [v] - disapprove or disagree
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ for the record [exp] - officially
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bend to public opinion [exp] - change your actions or beliefs because of public pressure
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a layover [n] - a short stay before continuing a trip to another city
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an attorney [n] - a lawyer
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the loo [n] - the bathroom
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ catch up with [phv] - talk after not meeting for a long time
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a pact [n] - a deal, an agreement
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hit on [phv] - flirt with, try to date
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ (a) pinky swear [n/v] - (a) promise
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ zip my lip [exp] - not talk, keep my mouth shut
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Caprica [n] - a science-fiction TV show
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a watering hole [n] - a bar
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ promiscuous [adj] - having many sexual casual experiences
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a barmaid [n] - a waitress at a bar
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ take precedence over [exp] - be more important than
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ cross a line [exp] - do something that is offensive or wrong
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ betray [v] - be disloyal to
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ stomp on [v] - step on (with force), reject
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a violation [n] - break or not follow a rule, a promise, or trust
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a urinal [n] - a standing toilet for men
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grind up [phv] - press something hard so that it becomes a powder
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ concentration [n] - the percentage (%) of something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a moth [n] - a flying insect
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ gums [n] - the pinkish skin above your teeth

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 Antecedentes


Howard Leonard Alex Sheldon
Howard Leonard Raj Sheldon
  • Leonard and Raj's sister (Priya) have been secretly dating.
  • Sheldon knows that they are dating.
  • Raj and Howard do not know that they are dating.
  • Caprica is a science fiction TV show.

triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas


  1. Priya is older than Raj.
    True
    False

  2. Priya is meeting Sheldon for the first time.
    True
    False

  3. Priya is a lawyer.
    True
    False

  4. Priya plans to stay in L.A.
    True
    False

  5. Raj is worried that Sheldon is interested in his sister.
    True
    False

  6. Howard says that Priya is more attractive than his girlfriend.
    True
    False

  7. Howard and Leonard promised not to try to date Priya.
    True
    False

  8. Sheldon knows that Leonard has been meeting Priya.
    True
    False

  9. Leonard watched Caprica last night.
    True
    False

  10. Leonard went to an Irish pub called Lucky Baldwin's last night.
    True
    False

  11. Leonard met Priya last night.
    True
    False

  12. Howard is angry at Leonard because Leonard broke his promise.
    True
    False

  13. Leonard asked Priya to be his girlfriend.
    True
    False

  14. Raj accepts Leonard's apology.
    True
    False

  15. Howard dropped Raj's iPhone in a urinal (toilet).
    True
    False

  16. Raj has already bought Thanksgiving gifts for his friends.
    True
    False

  17. Americans often give gifts to each other on Thanksgiving.
    True
    False

  18. Sheldon was grinding up insects and putting them in Leonard's food.
    True
    False

  19. Sheldon used Raj's toothbrush.
    True
    False



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use present tense.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.


Sentence 1

Raj / bring / baby / sister / Priya / university / cafeteria / meet / guy


Raj brings his baby sister Priya to the university cafeteria to meet the guys.



Sentence 2

Priya / one / day / layover / L.A. / on / way / Toronto


Priya has a one-day layover in L.A. on her way to Toronto.



Sentence 3

Raj / demand / Howard / not / try / hit / sister


Raj demands (that) Howard not try to hit on his sister.



Sentence 4

Priya / kiss / Leonard / hallway / on / way / loo


Priya kisses Leonard in the hallway on her way to the loo.



Sentence 5

next / day / guy / discuss / what / kind / guy / Priya / attract


The next day, the guys are discussing what kind of guy Priya [is/would be] attracted to.



Sentence 6

Sheldon / Leonard / tell / story / about / Leonard / go / pub / and / meet / promiscuous / barmaid


Sheldon and Leonard tell a story about Leonard going to a pub and meeting a promiscuous barmaid.



Sentence 7

Leonard / not / keep / lie / and / admit / he / spend / night / sister


Leonard can't keep up the lie and admits (that) he spent the night with his sister.



Sentence 8

Raj / forgive / Leonard / because / Priya / stomp / heart


Raj forgives Leonard because Priya stomped on his heart.



Sentence 9

Howard / angry / because / Leonard / break / pact


Howard is angry because Leonard broke their pact.



Sentence 10

guy / start / name / all / thing / they / do / betray / other


The guys start to name all of the things (that) they have done to betray each other.



Sentence 11

Howard / accident / drop / Raj / iPhone / urinal


Howard accidentally dropped Raj's iPhone in a urinal.



Sentence 12

Howard / convince / Raj / foreigner / give / present / American / Thanksgiving


Howard convinced Raj (that) foreigners give presents to Americans [on/for] Thanksgiving.



Sentence 13

Sheldon / spend / month / grind / insect / and / mix / them / Leonard / food


Sheldon spent a month grinding up insects and mixing them into Leonard’s food.



Sentence 14

Raj / use / little / rubber / thing / Sheldon / toothbrush / pick / food / teeth / and / massage / gum


Raj used the little rubber thing on Sheldon's toothbrush (in order) to pick food [from/out of] his teeth and massage his gums.



triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. There were five friendship betrayals mentioned in the video. Rank them from most to least offensive.
  2. By dating Priya, Leonard a) betrayed? Raj by dating his sister, b) betrayed Howard by breaking his promise, and c) betrayed Sheldon by forcing him to lie to Raj. Who should be the angriest at Leonard. Why?
  3. Is it okay to hit on (date) your friend's sister? Defend your opinion.
  4. Is it okay to hit on (date) your friend's brother? Defend your opinion.
  5. If your answers for #3 and #4 are different, explain why.
  6. Have you ever betrayed a friend? What did you do? Did she/he find out? Did she/he forgive you?
  7. Has a friend ever betrayed you? What did she/he do? How did you find out? Did you forgive her/him?
  8. Have you ever used someone else's toothbrush? Why? Did you tell the person?

triangle Script 대본 Texto


Raj: Hey guys, guess who I found at LAX. My baby sister Priya.

Sheldon: Excuse me. I object. You propose a guessing game, yet you don’t give me enough time to guess. For the record, I was going to say your sister Priya.

Priya: Oh, Sheldon. You haven’t changed a bit, have you?

Sheldon: Why would I change?

Leonard: The hope has been that you’d eventually bend to public opinion. So, Priya, what brings you back to LA?

Priya: I have a one-day layover on my way to Toronto. Corporate merger.

Raj: Can you believe it? Little Priya’s one of the lead attorneys for the biggest car company in India.

Priya: I want to catch up with all of you, but first I really must visit the loo.

Leonard: I’m going too, I’ll show you where it is.

Raj: Alright, this goes without saying, but I’m just going to say it anyway. Hands off my sister.

Sheldon: Why would I touch her? She’s covered with airplane germs.

Raj: I’m so not talking to you. I’m talking to him.

Howard: Hey, I’ve got a girlfriend now.

Raj: Oh please. My sister’s much hotter than your girlfriend and you know it.

Howard: Let’s just agree they’re both hot.

Raj: Dude, that’s my sister you’re talking about.

Howard: Okay, forget who’s hotter. The first time Priya came to LA, Leonard and I made a pact out of respect to our friendship, and to you, that neither of us would hit on her.

Raj: Did you pinky swear?

Howard: Yes.

Raj: Okay then.

Priya: It’s really nice to see you again Leonard.

Leonard: Yeah. It’s good to see you too. Here you go.

Priya: Thanks.

Leonard: Whoa-whoa-whoa-whoa-whoa. Okay.


Leonard: Hey.

Raj: Hey, Leonard, will you please tell Howard my sister’s never been attracted to him.

Leonard: C’mon Raj, how am I supposed to know who she’s attracted to. Or was attracted to. Or who she might be attracted to. In the future.

Sheldon: And I have nothing to contribute to this conversation. Because I too know absolutely nothing about Priya’s preferences in male companionship. And with that, I will re-zip my lip.

Raj: Hey, so what did you guys think of the new episode of Caprica last night?

Leonard: I didn’t see it. Howard: Didn’t see it? What were you doing?

Leonard: Uh, I was out.

Raj: On Caprica night?

Leonard: Yeah, I, uh, went for a drink.

Howard: Really, you, and where, where did you go?

Leonard: To, uh, Lucky Baldwin’s.

Sheldon: Oh, I’ve heard of that place, isn’t that Pasadena’s favourite Irish watering hole.

Leonard: Yes.

Sheldon: Did you meet anyone interesting there, perhaps a promiscuous redheaded barmaid?

Leonard: As a matter of fact... I can't! I can’t! I can’t do it!

Sheldon: Sure you can, you’re doing fine, it’s very believable.

Leonard: Look, I’m sorry Raj, but the truth is I was with Priya last night.

Raj: What? You slept with my sister?

Leonard: Yeah.

Howard: How could you? We had a pact!

Raj: Excuse me, I think, "How could you? She’s my sister!" takes precedence over a five-year-old pinky swear!

Leonard: Look, I admit it, I may have crossed a line here, but come on, Raj, your sister is a grown woman. To her, I’m a forbidden piece of white chocolate.

Raj: I don’t believe it. This is a terrible betrayal of my trust.

Leonard: No, no, no, would it help if I told you that I offered her my heart and she kind of stomped on it.

Raj: How hard did she stomp?

Leonard: Very hard.

Raj: Okay, I’m good.

Howard: Yeah, well, Raj, I just want to say that I’d never betray your trust. Unlike Leonard, I respect you.

Leonard: Really?

Howard: Mmm.

Leonard: Was it out of respect that you didn’t tell Raj about the time you dropped his iPhone in a urinal?

Raj: Dude! I put that thing on my face!

Sheldon: I think a more amusing violation of Raj’s trust is when Howard convinced him that foreigners give presents to Americans on Thanksgiving.

Raj: That was all a lie? This year’s gifts are already wrapped!

Howard: And as long as we’re talking about betraying our friends, how about the month Sheldon spent grinding up insects and mixing them into Leonard’s food.

Sheldon: Well, excuse me. That was not a betrayal, that was an experiment to determine at what concentration food starts tasting mothy.

Leonard: You put moths in my food?

Sheldon: For science.

Raj: I can’t believe you kissed my sister with moth mouth.

Leonard: Well, uh, I can’t believe you used Sheldon’s toothbrush.

Sheldon: You used my toothbrush?

Raj: Not the brush part, just the little rubber thing to pick food from my teeth and massage my gums.

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