#2. The Rules

Published: 8.04.2022
Level 4   |   Time: 2:51
Accent: British
Source: About Time

Tim has just learned that he can travel through time.


triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ not a whistle [exp] - nothing at all
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the butterfly effect [exp] - the concept that small causes can have large effects
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Dickens [p] - a famous British author (Great Expectations)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ slightly [adv] - a little
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a mixed blessing [exp] - something with both good and bad consequences
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sod all [exp] - nothing
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ screw up [phv] - ruin, destroy
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ massive [adj] - big, very important
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ The mother ship [exp] - the most important thing
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the eye of the storm [exp] - a difficult situation (the center of a storm)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ nasty [adj] - unkind, mean
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ keen [adj] - eager, excited
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Absolutely! [exp] - Yes!

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Background 배경 Antecedentes

Tim Dad Kit Charlotte
Tim Dad Sister (Kit) Charlotte
  • Tim has just learned that he can travel in time.
  • Kit Kat is Tim's sister.
  • Charlotte is Kit Kat's friend.

triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas

  1. Tim's mother doesn't know about the power.

  2. Tim's father has used his power to write a lot of books.

  3. Tim's father's favorite author is Dickens.

  4. Tim likes his hair style.

  5. Tim's father advises him to use his power to make money.

  6. Tim's grandfather was a very unhappy man.

  7. Tim's father recommends not working.

  8. Tim wants to use his power to find a girlfriend.

  9. Charlotte is Tim's and Kit Kat's cousin.

  10. Charlotte is staying with Tim's family for two months.

  11. Tim seems naturally smooth with women.

triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]


This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)


Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).


이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use present tense.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.

Sentence 1

Tim / mother / not / know / husband / can / time / travel

Tim's mother doesn't know (that) her husband can time travel.

Sentence 2

despite / Tim / concern / they / not / seem / mess / up / civilization / yet

Despite Tim's concerns, they don't seem to have messed up civilization yet.

Sentence 3

Tim / father / read / everything / man / could / wish

Tim's father has read everything a man could wish to (read).

Sentence 4

Tim / father / persuade / Tim / not / chase / money / because / it / utter / screw / grandfather / life

Tim's father persuades Tim not to chase money because it utterly screwed up his grandfather's life.

Sentence 5

at / moment / Tim / just / want / find / girlfriend

At the moment, Tim just wants to find a girlfriend.

Sentence 6

Kit Kat / friend / Charlotte / come / stay / house / two / whole / month

Kit Kat's friend Charlotte comes to stay at their house for two whole months.
Kit Kat's friend Charlotte comes and stays at their house for two whole months.

Sentence 7

Charlotte / be / cousin / Kit Kat / handsome / but / nasty / boyfriend / Jimmy

Charlotte is [a/the] cousin of Kit Kat's handsome but nasty boyfriend Jimmy.

Sentence 8

Tim / fall / mad / love / Charlotte

Tim falls madly in love with Charlotte.

Sentence 9

while / Kit Kat / Charlotte / sunbath / Charlotte / ask / Tim / put / lotion / back

While Kit Kat and Charlotte are sunbathing, Charlotte asks Tim to put (some) lotion on her back.

Sentence 10

Tim / enthusiastic / agree / but / he / then / clumsy / squirt / lotion / all / over / back

Tim enthusiastically agrees, but he then clumsily squirts lotion all over her back.

Sentence 11

Tim / get / up / run / closet / and / travel / back / time

Tim gets up, runs into a closet, and travels back in time.

Sentence 12

second / time / Tim / nonchalant / agree / and / deft / rub / lotion / Charlotte / back

The second time, Tim nonchalantly agrees and deftly rubs the lotion on Charlotte's back.

triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat

This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.

Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.

Clip 1

What can I say? We don't seem to have messed up civilization yet.

Clip 2

It's going to be a complicated year.

Clip 3

What have you done with it?

Clip 4

Well, I suppose apart from getting a slightly better haircut...

Clip 5

Money would be the obvious thing.

Clip 6

I've never bumped into a genuinely happy rich person.

Clip 7

It would be nice not to have to work.

Clip 8

Look what happened to Uncle Fred.

Clip 9

What happened to Uncle Fred?

Clip 10

You have to use it for things that you really think will make your life the way you want it to be.

Clip 11

To be honest, I suppose, at the moment, it would be just great if it could help me get a girlfriend.

Clip 12

For me, it was always going to be about love.

Clip 13

...a cousin of Kit Kat's handsome but nasty boyfriend Jimmy.

Clip 14

Tim, will you do my back?

Clip 15

Sure. Just give us a sec.

Clip 16

It's my area.

triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión

  1. If you had Tim's power, what is the first thing you would do?
  2. Do you think time travel would be a mixed blessing? What would be the drawbacks?
  3. Tim's father seems to suggest that Tim use his power for purely personal or selfish purposes. Is this good advice? Why?
  4. Tim can time travel. Tim's father can time travel. Do you think Tim's father can remember both times Tim put the suntan lotion on Charlotte? Why?
  5. If you could live in any time period in the past (in your country), which time period would you choose? Why?
  6. If you could meet any famous historical person, who would you want to meet? Why?
  7. If you could relive a specific moment in your life to make a different decision, which moment would you choose to relive? Why?
  8. Would you like never to have to work again in your life? What would be the pros and cons?

triangle Script 대본 Texto

Tim: Does Mum know?

Dad: Not a whistle.

Tim: Strange. And what about the whole...

Dad: Butterfly effect thing. What can I say? We don't seem to have messed up civilization yet.

Tim: It's going to be a complicated year.

Dad: It's going to be a complicated life.

Tim: What have you done with it?

Dad: For me, it's books, books, books. I've read everything a man could wish to. Twice. Dickens three times. Any first thoughts?

Tim: Well, I suppose apart from getting a slightly better haircut...

Dad: Yeah.

Tim: Money would be the obvious thing.

Dad: Very mixed blessing. Utterly screwed up your grandfather's life. Left him without love or friends. I've never bumped into a genuinely happy rich person.

Tim: It would be nice not to have to work.

Dad: No, that's a real recipe for disaster. Look what happened to Uncle Fred.

Tim: What happened to Uncle Fred?

Dad: Absolutely sod all. Wasted his life. You have to use it for things that you really think will make your life the way you want it to be. Come on, really think about this.

Tim: Well, to be honest, I suppose, at the moment, it would be just great if it could help me get a girlfriend.

Dad: Wow! Massive

Tim: Yeah. The mother ship.

Tim: For me, it was always going to be about love. And that summer, I walked into the eye of the storm. Her name was Charlotte, a cousin of Kit Kat's handsome but nasty boyfriend Jimmy. And she was staying for two whole months.

Charlotte: Tim, will you do my back?

Tim: Absolutely!

Charlotte: Very keen!

Tim: Whoa! No. No. No. No, no. No, no, no.

Charlotte: Is it in my hair?

Kit: Yes!

Charlotte: Tim. Will you do my back?

Tim: Sure. Just give us a sec.

Charlotte: Okay. Thank you.

Tim: Now...

Charlotte: Ooh. Nice.

Tim: It’s my area.