#1. The Video Cover Letter

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Published: 10.14.2020
Level 5   |   Time: 3:38
Accent: American
Source: The Intern

Ben makes a video cover letter to apply for a senior intern position.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Freud [n] - an Austrian doctor famous for starting psychoanalysis
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ relentless [adj] - constant, never ending
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ novelty [n] - new or original
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ playing hooky [exp] - skip (not go to) work or school
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ used my miles [exp] - paid for a flight using air-miles
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hit me like a ton of bricks [exp] - had a big effect on me
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ come rain or shine [exp] - every day, in good or bad weather
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ You name it! [exp] - Everything you can think of!
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pinochle [n] - a card game
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Mandarin [n] - Chinese (language)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ rely on [v] - depend on
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ quite the contrary [exp] - the opposite is true
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ caught it out of the corner of my eye [exp] - saw it (in my periphery)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a flyer [n] - a paper advertisement
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a senior [n] - a person over 65 years of age
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an intern [n] - an employee who is learning a new job (often unpaid)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ e-commerce [n] - business done on the Internet (electronically)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a roll-up-your-sleeves attitude [exp] - willing to work hard
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a cover letter [n] - a letter used to apply for a job
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ tremendous [adj] - very good
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ tech stuff [exp] - technology
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a usb connector [exp] - a cable used to connect devices to computers
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ eager to learn [exp] - want to learn
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a crisis [n] - a big problem
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hip [adj] - cool, modern, fashionable

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 Antecedentes


picture
Ben
  • Ben is a retired business man.
  • He lives in New York City.

triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


  1. What does Ben say about himself?
    He is retired.
    He has lots of free time.
    He is very creative.
    He has traveled around the world.
    His wife died a few months ago.
    He feels very unhappy.

  2. Where does he go in the morning?
    To Starbucks
    For a walk in the park.
    To visit his family.

  3. What are some activities Ben has tried in order to keep busy?
    Dating
    Golf
    Yoga
    Working at a coffee shop
    Cooking classes
    Language classes

  4. Why does Ben go to San Diego?
    To see his family.
    To study Mandarin (Chinese)
    To apply for a job

  5. How does Ben feel about his family?
    They are annoying.
    They are great.
    He depends on them too much.
    They depend on him too much.

  6. What did Ben see in the market?
    A flyer for an intern job
    An advertisement for the Internet
    A cover letter for a job that he wants

  7. What are the requirements for the job?
    Over 65
    An interest in e-commerce
    Hard-working
    Computer programming skills

  8. What type of company is it?
    It helps seniors.
    It sells clothing online.
    It provides Internet service.

  9. How can he apply for the job?
    He must come to the company in person.
    He must write a cover letter.
    He must submit a video.

  10. Why does he want the job?
    He wants to be needed.
    He needs more money.
    He wants to keep busy.
    He wants new challenges.

  11. What does Ben think he will have the most difficult with?
    Working long hours
    Hurting his hip
    Dealing with technology
    Living in Brooklyn



triangle Vocabulary Accuracy 어휘 정확성 Vocabulario precisión


Directions: Choose the word or expression that best completes the sentence.

Instrucciones: Elija la palabra o expresión que mejor complete la oración.

지시 사항 : 문장을 가장 잘 완성하는 단어나 표현을 선택하십시오.


  • When Ben first retired, it was fun because he felt like he was (playing hooky from) his job.
    → be absent from school or work without permission
  • Ben goes to Starbucks in the morning (come rain or shine) .
    → every time, in every condition, in both bad or good weather
  • The company wants to hire someone (with a roll-up-your-sleeves attitude) .
    → willing to work very hard
  • Ben thought retirement would be relaxing, but actually it (hit him like a ton of bricks) .
    → had a strong emotional effect on him
  • As he was walking down the street, Ben saw the flyer (out of the corner of his eye) a new CEO.
    → in his peripheral vision (side vision)


triangle Grammar 문법 Gramática (prepositions)


Directions: Choose the word or expression that best completes the sentence.

Instrucciones: Elija la palabra o expresión que mejor complete la oración.

지시 사항 : 문장을 가장 잘 완성하는 단어나 표현을 선택하십시오.


  • As you can imagine, that's given me some time (on) my hands.
  • My wife's been gone (for) three and a half years.
  • I used all the miles I'd saved and traveled (Ø) the globe.
  • I realized the key (to) this whole deal was to keep moving.
  • Come rain or shine, I'm (at) my Starbucks (by) 7:15.
  • I think an Internet place is looking (for) senior interns.
  • My daughter says they sell clothes (on) the Internet.
  • Upload your video (to) YouTube or Vimeo using .mov, .avi, or a .mpg file.
  • But I'll get (Ø) there. I am eager to learn.
  • I'm loyal, I'm trustworthy, and I'm good (in) a crisis.
  • And I love that you're right (Ø) here (in) Brooklyn. I've lived (Ø) here all my life.
  • I feel I may not be hip enough to live (in) Brooklyn, so this could help (with) that, too.


triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use present tense.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.


Sentence 1

Ben / retire / and / wife / die / three / half / year / ago


Ben is retired and his wife died three and a half years ago.



Sentence 2

first / he / enjoy / retire


At first, he enjoyed being retired.
At first, he enjoyed (his) retirement.



Sentence 3

he / go / Starbucks / every / day / 7:15 / come / rain / shine


He goes to Starbucks every day at 7:15 come rain or shine.



Sentence 4

Ben / take / many / hobby / keep / busy


Ben has taken up* many hobbies (in order) to keep busy.


* take up = start a hobby

Sentence 5

these / day / he / only / travel / San Diego / visit / son / family


These days, he only travels (out) to San Diego to visit his son and his family.
These days, he only travels (out) to San Diego to visit his son's family.



Sentence 6

Ben / feel / there / hole / life / he / need / fill


Ben feels (that) there is a hole in his life (that) he needs to fill.



Sentence 7

Ben / see / flyer / Internet / company / advertise / senior / intern


Ben sees a flyer for an Internet company (that is) advertising for senior interns.



Sentence 8

job / be / for / company / sell / clothing / online


The job is for a company that sells clothing online.



Sentence 9

Ben / has / upload / video / cover / letter / YouTube / Vimeo


Ben has to upload [his/a] video cover letter [onto/to] YouTube or Vimeo.



Sentence 10

Ben / think / job / good / idea / because / he / want / more / excitement / life


Ben thinks (that) the job is a good idea because he wants more excitement in his life.



Sentence 11

Ben / say / he / eager / learn


Ben says (that) he is eager to learn.



Sentence 12

Ben / think / he / might / not / hip / enough / live / Brooklyn


Ben thinks (that) he might not be hip enough to live in Brooklyn.



Sentence 13

Ben / feel / he / still / music / him


Ben feels (that) he still has music in him.



triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat


This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.


Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.


Clip 1

As you can imagine, that has given me some time on my hands.



Clip 2

My wife has been gone for three and a half years. I miss her in every way.



Clip 3

The problem was, no matter where I went, as soon as I got home, the "nowhere-to-be" thing hit me like a ton of bricks.



Clip 4

Come rain or shine, I'm at my Starbucks by 7:15.



Clip 5

Tried yoga, learned to cook, bought some plants, took classes in mandarin.



Clip 6

But to be honest, I think I probably relied on them way more than I should.



Clip 7

Which brings me to today when I was leaving the market and caught your flyer out of the corner of my eye.



Clip 8

I think an Internet place is looking for senior interns.



Clip 9

That could be challenging. Listen to this.



Clip 10

Because the more I think about this idea, the more tremendous I think it is.



Clip 11

And I guess I might even want to be needed.



Clip 12

But I'll get there. Eager to learn.



Clip 13

Also, I want you to know I've been a company man all my life.



Clip 14

I've lived here all my life, and lately I feel I may not be hip enough to live in Brooklyn.



Clip 15

So this could help with that, too.



Clip 16

They stop when there's no more music in them.



Clip 17

Well, I still have music in me, absolutely positive about that.



triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. Can you remember six things that Ben did after his wife died?
  2. Do you like the idea of a video resume (or cover letter)? How is it better than a paper resume for the employer/company? How is it worse?
  3. How is it better than a paper resume for the applicant? How is it worse?
  4. From what you know so far, would you hire Ben for an Internet clothing start-up? What are his strengths and weaknesses?
  5. What is the ideal retirement age? At what age do you want to retire? Why?
  6. What things do you want to do after you retire? What's on your bucket list when you retire?

triangle Script 대본 Texto


Ben: Freud said, "Love and work. Work and love. That's all there is."

Ben: Well, I'm retired, and my wife is dead. As you can imagine, that's given me some time on my hands.

Ben: My wife's been gone for three and a half years. I miss her in every way.

Ben: And retirement? That is an ongoing, relentless effort in creativity.

Ben: At first, I admit I enjoyed the novelty of it. (It) sort of felt like I was playing hooky.

Ben: I used all the miles I'd saved and traveled the globe. The problem was, no matter where I went, as soon as I got home, the "nowhere-to-be" thing hit me like a ton of bricks.

Ben: I realized the key to this whole deal was to keep moving. Get up, get out of the house, and go somewhere. Anywhere. Come rain or shine, I'm at my Starbucks by 7:15.

Man: Excuse me, mind if we join you?

Ben: I can't explain it, but it makes me feel part of something.

Ben: How do I spend the rest of my days? You name it. Golf, books, movies, pinochle. Tried yoga, learned to cook, bought some plants, took classes in mandarin.

Ben: Xiang xin wo, wo shen me dou shiguo le. Translation: "Believe me, I've tried everything."

Ben: And then, of course, there are the funerals. So many more than I could imagine.

Ben: The only traveling I do these days is out to San Diego to visit my son and his family. They're great. I love them to pieces. But to be honest, I think I probably relied on them way more than I should.

Ben: Don't get me wrong, I'm not an unhappy person. Quite the contrary. I just know there's a hole in my life, and I need to fill it. Soon.

Ben: Which brings me to today when I was leaving the market and caught your flyer out of the corner of my eye.

Ben: Hmm. Seniors, be an intern.

Patty: Ben, I thought that was you. Hi.

Ben: Hey.

Patty: What'd you find?

Ben: I think an Internet place is looking for senior interns. Am I reading this right?

Patty: Let me see. "Applicants must be over 65 years of age, have organizational skills, a genuine interest in e-Commerce," Whatever that is? "And a roll-up your sleeves attitude."

Ben: About the fit.com, isn't that the outfit that was...

Patty: Yeah, yeah, yeah. They bought one of those old factories in red hook. My daughter says they sell clothes on the internet. How that works, I have no idea.

Ben: Well, you have to upload the application. That could be challenging. Listen to this. "Cover letters are so old-fashioned. Show us who you are with a cover-letter video. Upload your video to YouTube or vimeo using .mov, .avi, or a .mpg file.

Ben: So here I am, applying to be one of your interns Because the more I think about this idea, the more tremendous I think it is. I love the idea of having a place I can go every day. I want the connection, the excitement. I want to be challenged, and I guess I might even want to be needed.

Ben: The tech stuff might take a bit to figure out. I had to call my 9-year-old grandson just to find out what a usb connector was. But I'll get there. Eager to learn.

Ben: Also, I want you to know I've been a company man all my life. I'm loyal, I'm trustworthy, and I'm good in a crisis. And I love that you're right here in Brooklyn. I've lived here all my life, and lately I feel I may not be hip enough to live in Brooklyn. So this could help with that, too.

Ben: I read once, musicians don't retire. They stop when there's no more music in them. Well, I still have music in me, absolutely positive about that.


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