Learn English with American English File 3

3.8 Old Friends


EZ TV icon
Published: 3.26.2022
Level 3   |   Time: 2:23
Accent: American, British

Rob meets Jenny's friend Monica and then asks Jenny for a big favor.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ You've hardly changed at all. [exp] - You did not change very much. You look the same.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ interrupt [v] - stop someone else from speaking by speaking
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ get together [exp] - meet, hang out
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ settling down [phv] - getting married, living a normal married life
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ ask a favor [exp] - ask for some help
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the States [n] - the USA
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ He is a laugh. [exp] - He is a fun person.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a bit wild [exp] - a little bit crazy
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a flat [n] - an apartment
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ You're a real star. [exp] - You are great.

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


Rob Jenny Monica
Rob Jenny Monica
  • Jenny and Rob are dating.
  • Monica is Jenny's old college friend.
  • Monica recently got engaged.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas


  1. Monica has to ______.
    leave soon
    call her fiancé
    talk to her boss

  2. Rob orders ______.
    a large latte
    black coffee
    a cup of tea

  3. Rob has seen many photos of Monica ______.
    on Instagram
    in Jenny's apartment
    at Jenny's parent's house

  4. Rob says that Monica ______.
    looks like an actress
    looks much better in person
    looks the same as her photos

  5. Monica says that Rob ______.
    is very handsome
    has a charming accent
    is a perfect gentleman

  6. Rob describes Monica as ______.
    sweet
    happy
    beautiful

  7. Many of Jenny's friends are ______ these days.
    moving out of the city
    too busy to hang out
    getting married

  8. Rob's friend is arriving in New York ______.
    this evening
    tomorrow
    on Friday

  9. Rob invited his friend to stay ______.
    for a night
    for a week
    for two weeks

  10. Rob says that his friend ______ a bit wild.
    is
    was never
    used to be

  11. Rob asks Jenny to ______ and ______.
    help Paul find a job
    take Paul out to dinner
    introduce Paul to a girl
    meet Paul at the airport
    show Paul around New York
    take Paul to Rob's apartment



triangle Grammar 문법 Gramática Gramática (modal verbs)


Directions: Choose the word or expression that best completes the sentence.

Instrucciones: Elija la palabra o expresión que mejor complete la oración.

Instrucciones: Escolha a palavra ou expressão que melhor completa a oração.

지시 사항 : 문장을 가장 잘 완성하는 단어나 표현을 선택하십시오.

  • Do you mind if I join you?
  • Of course not. Come on. Sit down. I (have to) leave in a minute anyway.
  • (Could) I have a large latte please?

  • You've hardly changed at all.
  • What a nice man. I (can) see why you like him, Jenny. The perfect English gentleman.
  • Your latte.
  • Oh thanks. (Can you) pass the sugar?
  • Sure.
  • Sorry guys, but I (have to) go.
  • You're sure I haven't interrupted anymore?
  • Not at all. It's just that I (have to) meet someone, but let's get together very soon.
  • We (will) .
  • Bye Rob. Nice meeting you.

  • Cool. It (will) be fun to meet one of your old friends. What's he like?
  • Oh, Paul's a laugh. He (used to) be a bit wild, but that was a long time ago. He's probably changed completely.
  • Well, I'm looking forward to meeting him.
  • Just one other thing. (Could you) do me a big favor? I (have to) work late this evening, so (would) you mind meeting him at the airport?
  • Not at all. I (would) like to meet him.
  • And do you think you (could) take him to my flat?
  • No problem, Rob.


triangle Summary 요약 Construção de sentença Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escreva frases sobre o videoclipe usando as palavras dadas. Você pode alterar a forma das palavras ou adicionar palavras, mas não pode alterar a ordem das palavras. Use o tempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.



Sentence 1

Rob / walk / cafe / and / sit / down / Jenny / Monica


Rob walks into the cafe and sits down with Jenny and Monica.



Sentence 2

after / Rob / order / latte / Jenny / introduce / him / Monica


After Rob orders a latte, Jenny introduces him to Monica.



Sentence 3

Monica / call / Rob / perfect / gentleman / because / he / say / she / not / change / since / university


Monica calls Rob [the/a] perfect gentleman because he says (that) she hasn't changed since university.



Sentence 4

Monica / get / up / and / leave / because / she / have / meet / someone


Monica gets up and leaves because she has to meet someone.



Sentence 5

Jenny / mention / they / at / age / when / most / of / friend / settle / down / and / get / marry


Jenny mentions (that) they are at the age when most of their friends are settling down and getting married.



Sentence 6

Rob / want / ask / Jenny / big / favor


Rob wants to ask Jenny for a big favor.



Sentence 7

Rob / ask / Jenny / pick / up / friend / Paul / airport / and / take / him / Rob / apartment


Rob asks Jenny to pick up his friend Paul from the airport and take him to Rob's apartment.



Sentence 8

although / Paul / used / be / bit / wild / university / Rob / think / he / probably / change / complete


Although Paul used to be a bit wild [in/at/during] university, Rob thinks (that) he has probably changed completely.



triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Ouça e repita Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat


This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.

Ouvir e repetir


Esta atividade tem dois propósitos.

O primeiro objetivo é melhorar a precisão auditiva. Os alunos geralmente podem entender o significado geral de um vídeo, mas ainda não ouvem e entendem muitas das palavras que são ditas. Isso ocorre porque os falantes nativos tendem a dizer as palavras funcionais de forma pouco clara. (por exemplo, não sei, vou, quero, não posso, devo ter) Esta atividade é projetada para ajudar os alunos a melhorar sua capacidade de ouvir essas palavras.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e tentar repetir exatamente o que ouviram. Em seguida, deveriam clicar em “Mostrar” e ler a frase. Depois de ler a frase, os alunos devem ouvir novamente e tentar ouvir cada palavra.

O segundo objetivo é melhorar a pronúncia.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e ler as frases ao mesmo tempo. Em seguida, os alunos devem tentar copiar exatamente a pronúncia e a entonação do falante.

DICA: É útil exagerar na entonação e no sentimento do falante. Pode parecer estranho ou engraçado, mas ajudará você a soar mais natural.


Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

Instrucciones: Reproduza o clipe de áudio e tente repetir o que ouviu. Clique em "Mostrar" para ver o texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.


Clip 1

Do you mind if I join you?



Clip 2

I have to leave in a minute anyway.



Clip 3

You know, Jenny talks about you a lot.



Clip 4

You've hardly changed at all.



Clip 5

I can see why you like him, Jenny.



Clip 6

Sorry guys, but I have to go.



Clip 7

Not at all. It's just that I have to meet someone.



Clip 8

But let's get together very soon.



Clip 9

I guess we're at that age now when most of our friends are settling down and getting married.



Clip 10

Is it okay if we change our plans a bit this week?



Clip 11

And he's traveling around the States at the moment.



Clip 12

Cool. It'll be fun to meet one of your old friends.



Clip 13

He used to be a bit wild, but that was a long time ago.



Clip 14

Well, I'm looking forward to meeting him.



Clip 15

I have to work late this evening, so would you mind meeting him at the airport?



Clip 16

Do you think you could take him to my flat?



triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. Do you think Rob made a good or bad first impression on Monica? Why?
  2. Jenny mentions that many of her friends are getting married. Why (do you think) Jenny mentions this?
  3. Jenny is going to meet Rob's old university mate. What do you think will happen?
  4. After you start dating someone, how long do you wait before you introduce her/him to your friends?
  5. Do you ever let friends stay at your apartment? Usually how long? Do they ever stay too long?
  6. Are you a bit wild now? Were you wild in university?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Rob: Do you mind if I join you?

Monica: Of course not. Come on. Sit down.

Rob: Thank you.

Monica: I have to leave in a minute anyway.

Rob: Could I have a large latte please?

Waitress: Of course.

Jenny: Rob, this is Monica.

Monica: Nice to meet you, Rob.

Rob: You too, Monica

Rob: You know, Jenny talks about you a lot, and I've seen college photos of you two together at Jenny's parents house.

Jenny: Of course you have. My dad's photos.

Rob: You've hardly changed at all.

Monica: What a nice man. I can see why you like him, Jenny. The perfect English gentleman.

Waitress: Your latte.

Rob: Oh thanks. Can you pass the sugar.

Jenny: Sure.

Monica: Sorry guys, but I have to go.

Rob: You're sure I haven't interrupted anymore?

Monica: Not at all. It's just that I have to meet someone, but let's get together very soon.

Jenny: We will.

Monica: Bye Rob. Nice meeting you.

Rob: Bye

Jenny: bye.

Rob: She seems like a happy person.

Jenny: She is. Especially right now. She's getting married.

Rob: That's fantastic news.

Jenny: Yeah it is. I guess we're at that age now when most of our friends are settling down and getting married.

Rob: Yeah. Oh, speaking of friends, I want to ask you a favor. Is it okay if we change our plans a bit this week?

Jenny: Sure. What's up?

Rob: I've just had a call from an old friend of mine, Paul. I haven't seen him since we were at university, and he's traveling around the States at the moment. Anyway he's arriving in New York this evening, and I've invited him to stay for the week.

Jenny: Cool. It'll be fun to meet one of your old friends. What's he like?

Rob: Oh, Paul's a laugh. He used to be a bit wild, but that was a long time ago. He's probably changed completely.

Jenny: Well, I'm looking forward to meeting him.

Rob: Just one other thing. Could you do me a big favor? I have to work late this evening, so would you mind meeting him at the airport?

Jenny: Not at all. I'd like to meet him.

Rob: And do you think you could take him to my flat? I'll give you the keys.

Jenny: No problem, Rob.

Rob: Thank you so much, Jenny. You're a real star.

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