#2. Downsizing

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Published: 11.06.2018
Level 5   |   Time: 2:58
Accent: American
Source: The Office [S1 E01]

Michael has to deal with possible downsizing in his branch.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ interfere (with/in) [v] - bother, meddle
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an agenda [n] - a plan for a meeting
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ corporate [n] - corporate headquarters (the main office of a company)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the board [n] - the board of directors
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a branch [n] - one office of a larger company
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ justify [v] - show or prove to be right or reasonable
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ keep a lid on (this) [exp] - keep (this) secret
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ downsizing [n] - reduce the number of workers at a company (fire people)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Alarm bells are ringing. [exp] - I am very worried.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a regime [n] - a leadership system
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ ridiculous [adj] - crazy, stupid
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ let (someone) go [phv] - fire (someone)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ illustrations [n] - drawing (usually for a book)

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 Antecedentes


Michael Pam Jan
Michael Pam Jan
  • Michael is the manager of the Scranton branch of the Dunder Mifflin paper company.
  • Pam is the receptionist.

triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


  1. Michael says that corporate interferes too much.
    True
    False

  2. Jan Levison Gould is from corporate headquarters.
    True
    False

  3. Michael says that he is scared of Jan.
    True
    False

  4. Michael doesn't have the meeting agenda.
    True
    False

  5. Michael blames Pam for not having the agenda.
    True
    False

  6. Corporate faxed a copy of the agenda earlier in the day.
    True
    False

  7. Pam threw the agenda in the garbage earlier in the day.
    True
    False

  8. Jan says that that Dunder Mifflin cannot keep both the Scranton and Stamford branch.
    True
    False

  9. Jan says that there will be downsizing.
    True
    False

  10. Jan wants to keep the possibility of downsizing a secret for now.
    True
    False

  11. Michael keeps the possibility of downsizing a secret from the staff.
    True
    False

  12. The staff starts talking about updating their resumes.
    True
    False

  13. Pam doesn't want to lose her job.
    True
    False

  14. Pam has always dreamed of being a receptionist.
    True
    False

  15. Pam is interested in art.
    True
    False



triangle Vocabulary Review 어휘 검토 Vocabulario revisión


Directions: Look at the underlined expressions and try to guess what they mean.

  1. Do you think we could keep a lid on this for now?
    get some help
    keep this a secret
    protect the company

  2. It wouldn't be the worst thing if they let me go .
    fired me
    gave me a new job
    gave me more free time



triangle Grammar 문법 Gramática (auxiliary verbs)


Directions: Choose the verb tense that best completes the sentence.

  • Corporate really (doesn't) interfere with me at all.
  • Jan Levitson Gould.
  • Jan, hello.
  • I call her Hillary Rodham Clinton. Right? Not to her face because... Well not because I ('m) scared of her. Cos I ('m) not. But, um... Yeah.
  • (Was) there anything you wanted to add to the agenda?
  • Me no get an agenda.
  • What? I'm sorry?
  • I (didn't) get any agenda.
  • I faxed one to you this morning.
  • Really? I didn't… (Did) we get a fax this morning?
  • Uh, yeah, the one
  • Why isn't it in my hand? A company runs on efficiency of communication, right? So what's the problem, Pam? Why (didn't) I get it?
  • You put it in the garbage can that was the special filing cabinet.

  • Any messages?
  • Umm, yeah. Just a fax.
  • Oh! Pam, this is from Corporate. How many times (have) I told you? There's a special filing cabinet.
  • You (haven't) told me.
  • It (is) called the wastepaper basket!

  • Yeah, that was a joke. That was a joke that was actually my brother's that was supposed to be with bills. It (doesn't) work great with faxes.
  • (Do) you want to look at mine?
  • Yeah. Lovely. Thank you.
  • OK. Since the last meeting, Alan and the board (have) decided we can't justify a Scranton branch and a Stamford branch.
  • OK.
  • Now, Michael, (don't) panic.
  • No, this is good. This is good. This is fine. Excellent!
  • Michael, listen. (don't) panic.
  • Although alarm bells are kind of going ringy-dingy-dingy!
  • We (haven't) made any decisions yet. I've spoken to Josh in Stamford. I’ve told him the same as you. And it's up to either you or him to convince me that your branch can incorporate the other.
  • Ok. No problem
  • This (does) mean however that there is going to be downsizing.
  • Me no wanna hear that, Jan.
  • So (do) you think we could keep a lid on this for now? I (don't) want to worry people unnecessarily.
  • No. Absolutely. Under this regime, it will not leave this office.



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use present tense.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.


Sentence 1

Jan / walk / office / while / talk / phone


Jan walks [into/in] the office while (she is) talking on the phone.



Sentence 2

Michael / claim / he / not / scare / Jan


Michael claims (that) he is not scared of Jan.



Sentence 3

normal / corporate / not / interfere / branch / so / Michael / worry


Normally corporate doesn't interfere with the branches, so Michael is worried.



Sentence 4

Jan / ask / Michael / where / agenda


Jan asks Michael where [his/the] agenda is.



Sentence 5

Michael / ask / Pam / why / he / not / receive / agenda


Michael asks Pam why he didn't receive [the/an] agenda.
Michael asks Pam why he hasn't received [the/an] agenda.



Sentence 6

Pam / remind / Michael / he / throw / agenda


Pam reminds Michael (that) he threw the agenda [out/away].
Pam reminds Michael (that) he threw [out/away] the agenda.



Sentence 7

Jan / inform / Michael / Dunder Mifflin / have / close / one / branch


Jan informs Michael (that) Dunder Mifflin [has/will have] to close one branch.



Sentence 8

Michael / start / freak / so / Jan / try / calm / down


Michael starts to freak out, so Jan tries to calm him down.



Sentence 9

Michael / promise / keep / lid / information


Michael promises to keep a lid on the information.
Michael promises (that) he will keep a lid on the information.



Sentence 10

staff / begin / discuss / downsizing


The staff begin(s) [discussing/to discuss] (the) downsizing.



Sentence 11

Pam / ask / Jim / he / going / go / Angela / party


Pam asks Jim [if/whether] he is going to go to Angela's party.



Sentence 12

Pam / talk / dream / become / illustrator


Pam talks about her dream of becoming an illustrator.
Pam talks about her dream to become an illustrator.



triangle Act It Out 연기하자 Actuarlo


Directions: With a partner or in a group, listen to the conversation and then try to act out the situation. Focus on intonation, stress, and rhythm.

Instrucciones: Con un compañero o en grupo, escucha la conversación y trata de representar la situación.

지시 사항 : 파트너와 함께 또는 그룹으로 대화를 듣고 상황을 연기해봅시다. 억양, 강세, 리듬에 집중하세요.



  • Jan:
    Alright. Was there anything you wanted to add to the agenda?
  • Michael:
    Me no get an agenda.
  • Jan:
    What? I'm sorry?
  • Michael:
    I didn't get any agenda.
  • Jan:
    Well, I faxed one over to you this morning.

  • Michael:
    Really? Because I didn't... I didn't... Did we get a fax this morning?
  • Pam:
    Uh, yeah, the one...
  • Michael:
    Why isn't it in my hand? Because a company runs on efficiency of communication, right? So what's the problem, Pam? Why didn't... Why didn't I get it?
  • Pam:
    You put it in the garbage can that was a special filing cabinet.

  • Jan:
    I've spoken to Josh in Stamford. I’ve told him the same as you. And it's up to either you or him to convince me that your branch can incorporate the other.
  • Michael:
    Ok. No problem
  • Jan:
    This does mean however that there is going to be downsizing.
  • Michael:
    Me no wanna hear that, Jan.
  • Jan:
    So do you think we could keep a lid on this for now? I don't want to worry people unnecessarily.
  • Michael:
    No. Absolutely. Under this regime, it will not leave this office.

triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. What are three inappropriate things that Michael says or does?
  2. Jan told Michael not to tell the staff about the possible downsizing. Do you think Michael should tell the staff? Why?
  3. Would you prefer to have a friendly, warm and funny boss (like Michael) or a serious, professional but cold boss (like Jan)? Why?
  4. Pam's dream job is to be an illustrator. What was your dream job when you were 10 years old? What was your dream job when you were in university? What is your dream job now?
  5. When you participate in a meeting, do you like to talk a lot or mostly remain quiet? Why?
  6. When you run (lead) a meeting, do you like the participants to talk a lot or mostly remain quiet? Why?

triangle Script 대본 Texto


Michael: Corporate really doesn't interfere with me at all.

Jan: Jan Levitson Gould.

Michael: Jan, hello.

Michael: I call her Hillary Rodham Clinton. Right? Not to her face because... Well not because I'm scared of her. Cos I'm not. But, um... Yeah.

Jan: Was there anything you wanted to add to the agenda?

Michael: Me no get an agenda.

Jan: What? I'm sorry?

Michael: I didn't get any agenda.

Jan: I faxed one to you this morning.

Michael: Really? I didn't… Did we get a fax this morning?

Pam: Uh, yeah, the one

Michael: Why isn't it in my hand? A company runs on efficiency of communication, right? So what's the problem, Pam? Why didn't I get it?

Pam: You put it in the garbage can that was the special filing cabinet.


Michael: Any messages?

Pam: Umm, yeah. Just a fax.

Michael: Oh! Pam, this is from Corporate. How many times have I told you? There's a special filing cabinet.

Pam: You haven't told me.

Michael: It's called the wastepaper basket!


Michael: Yeah, that was a joke. That was a joke that was actually my brother's that was supposed to be with bills. It doesn't work great with faxes.

Jan: Do you want to look at mine?

Michael: Yeah. Lovely. Thank you.

Jan: OK. Since the last meeting, Alan and the board have decided we can't justify a Scranton branch and a Stamford branch.

Michael: OK.

Jan: Now, Michael, don't panic.

Michael: No, this is good. This is good. This is fine. Excellent!

Jan: Michael, listen. Don't panic.

Michael: Although alarm bells are kind of going ringy-dingy-dingy!

Jan: We haven't made any decisions yet. I've spoken to Josh in Stamford. I’ve told him the same as you. And it's up to either you or him to convince me that your branch can incorporate the other.

Michael: Ok. No problem

Jan: This does mean however that there is going to be downsizing.

Michael: Me no wanna hear that, Jan.

Jan: So do you think we could keep a lid on this for now? I don't want to worry people unnecessarily.

Michael: No. Absolutely. Under this regime, it will not leave this office.


Phyllis: So what does downsizing actually mean?

Oscar: Well you guys have got to update your résumés, just like I'm doing.

Angela: I bet it's going to be me. It’s probably going to be me.

Kevin: Yeah, it'll be you.

Pam: I have an important question for you.

Jim: Yes

Pam: Are you going to Angela's cat party on Sunday?

Jim: Yes. Stop. That is ridiculous.


Michael: Am I going to tell them? No. I’m not going to tell them. I don't see the point of that. As a doctor, you would not tell a patient if they had cancer.


Pam: I don't think it would be the worst thing if they let me go because then I might.. I don't think it's many little girls' dream to be a receptionist.

Pam: I like to do illustrations. Mostly watercolor. A few oil pencil. Jim thinks they're good.

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Introducing the Office
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Dwight vs. Jim
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