Porcupine Quills

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Published: 9.27.2021
Level 6   |   Time: 4:20
Accent: American
Source: PBS Deep Look

Porcupine quills are razor-sharp and next to impossible to remove. However, researchers are designing new surgical staples that mimic the quill's shape to promote healing.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY

    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO

    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ impale [v] - make a large hole with a long sharp weapon or tool
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ next to impossible [exp] - almost impossible
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fearsome [adj] - scary, dangerous
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ wield [v] - use (a weapon)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ plod along [phv] - walk slowly and without grace or skill
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ packing [adj] - containing
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pierce [v] - make a hole with a sharp instrument
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ quills [n] - the hollow sharp spines of a porcupine [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a decoy [n] - a thing used to mislead or lure an animal or person into a trap
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ spikey [adj] - like a spike, sharp
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ mess with [phv] - bother
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bristle [v] - make hair (or quills) stand up away from the skin [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ densest [adj] - thickest
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ stink [v] - smell bad
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ coated [adj] - covered
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ waxy [adj] - covered in wax (a thick yellow liquid. the material of candles)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grease [n] - a thick oily liquid
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pungent [adj] - having a bad smell
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ musky [adj] - a bad smell
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ back off [phv] - get away (from someone)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a myth [n] - not true
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a hypodermic needle [n] - a medical needle [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a tip [n] - the sharp point or end of something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ microscopic [adj] - very very small
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a barb [n] - a sharp projection near the end of an arrow or fishhook [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ lodged in [adj] - stuck in
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an infection [n] - becoming sick with disease because of bacteria or dirt
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an antibiotic [n] - a medicine that fights bacteria and infection
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ inhibit [v] - prevent, reduce, slow
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ clumsy [adj] - awkward in movement
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ stay put [v] - not move
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ take hold [v] - become fixed, stable, common
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ dissolve [v] - change from solid to liquid, disappear
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sharp [adj] - smart, clever

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


  1. Porcupine quills are _____ to remove.
    easy
    almost impossible
    impossible

  2. Porcupines tend to eat _____, _____, and _____.
    bark
    quills
    leaves
    acorns
    insects
    pine cones

  3. Porcupines have about _____ quills.
    3000
    30 000
    300 000

  4. Porcupines quills are _____ the long white hairs.
    under
    over

  5. The quills are densest _____.
    around their face
    on their backside
    on their tail

  6. The quills smell bad because they are covered in _____.
    feces (shit)
    poison
    bacteria
    a pungent grease

  7. Porcupines can also _____ to defend themselves.
    bite
    use their tails
    shoot their quills

  8. The tip of a porcupine quills are covered in _____.
    fans
    barbs
    bacteria
    antibiotics

  9. Getting stuck with a quill _____ to infection.
    doesn’t usually lead
    usually leads

  10. The quills' grease _____ the growth of bacteria.
    promotes
    reduces
    stops

  11. Porcupines are quite _____.
    fast
    heavy
    clumsy
    aggressive

  12. Researchers wants to make surgical staples that work like porcupine quills because _____.
    they are very sharp
    they dissolve over time
    they will reduce infection
    they are inexpensive to produce

  13. Normal surgical staples _____ and _____
    cause damage
    are not very sharp
    are expensive to produce
    increase the risk of infection



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

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patreon을 통한 지원은 언제든지 환영입니다.

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triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión icon



To see all of this activity, you can log in or sign up for free.

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To see a full sample activity, check out Drongo Bird vs. Meerkats .


And please consider supporting us on patreon.

Suggested donation:


student: $5/month  |  teacher: $8/month  |  superfan: $20/month

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o sregistrarse de forma gratuita.

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o registrarse de forma gratuita.


Para ver una actividad de muestra completa, consulte Drongo Bird vs. Meerkats .


Y por favor considere apoyarnos en patreon.

Donación sugerida:


estudiante: $5/month  |  profesor: $8/month  |  superfan: $20/month

이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.

이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.


전체 샘플 활동을 보려면 Drongo Bird vs. Meerkats 를 확인하십시오.


patreon을 통한 지원은 언제든지 환영입니다.

제안된 기부 :


학생 : $5/month  |  선생님 : $8/month  |  슈퍼팬 : $20/month



triangle Script 대본 Texto icon



To see all of this activity, you can log in or sign up for free.

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To see a full sample activity, check out Drongo Bird vs. Meerkats .


And please consider supporting us on patreon.

Suggested donation:


student: $5/month  |  teacher: $8/month  |  superfan: $20/month

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o sregistrarse de forma gratuita.

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o registrarse de forma gratuita.


Para ver una actividad de muestra completa, consulte Drongo Bird vs. Meerkats .


Y por favor considere apoyarnos en patreon.

Donación sugerida:


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이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.

이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.


전체 샘플 활동을 보려면 Drongo Bird vs. Meerkats 를 확인하십시오.


patreon을 통한 지원은 언제든지 환영입니다.

제안된 기부 :


학생 : $5/month  |  선생님 : $8/month  |  슈퍼팬 : $20/month