Learn English with BBC Podcasts

Building Robots in School

Published: 3.29.2018
Level 5   |   Time: 3:09
Accent: Ugandan, British

A program called Fundi Bots in Uganda is giving students the opportunity to build robots in order to increase creativity and hands-on skills.


You can download the file [ HERE ].


triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.


    É importante ler o vocabulário antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.


    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.


    Primeiro, tente responder a todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.


    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.


    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na preparação para o teste, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura de frases.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pupils [n] - students
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hands-on skills [exp] - practical skills (doing something)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ found [v] - establish a business
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a craftsman [n] - a person who builds things
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ assemble [v] - build, put together
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a gadget [n] - a small machine or device
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ optimum [adj] - best
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ automate [v] - make something function without human control
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an obstacle [n] - a thing that blocks one's way
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a collision [n] - one object hits/strikes another object
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ apathy [n] - disinterest
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fiddle with [phv] - try to make minor changes or improvements
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ from a point of ignorance [exp] - offer an opinion without personal experience
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ nurture [v] - encourage and develop

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]


These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.


Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.


이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.

  1. Who is being given the opportunity to build robots?
    school children
    university students

  2. Why are they being given the opportunity to build robots?
    To develop practical skills
    To encourage students to work hard
    To develop creativity

  3. What does the woman mention about Fundi Bots?
    It was founded by Solomon Hill.
    It was founded 7 years ago.
    Fundi mean "fun" in Swahili.
    Fundi works with 60 schools.
    Fundi works with about 300 students.
    Fundi only works with schools in Kampala.

  4. The robot that they describe _____.
    has two wheels
    is easy to make
    was made by a university student
    looks like a toy

  5. Solomon mentions that _____.
    the robots are very expensive
    children in Africa often can't afford expensive toys
    African schools usually don't have a lot of toys

  6. What can the robot detect?
    The fastest route to get to a destination
    Obstacles that are nearby
    The voice of the person controlling it

  7. What can the robots do?
    They can react to light.
    They can react to sound.
    They can go over small hills.
    They can make decisions without human help.

  8. How do most of the schools react to the Fundi Bots robotics program?
    They are very excited.
    They are curious.
    They are mostly disinterested.

  9. What does Solomon say that most schools focus on?
    Helping students pass tests
    Preparing students for their job
    Giving students knowledge

  10. What does Solomon think that schools should focus on?
    Helping students pass tests
    Preparing students for their job
    Giving students knowledge

  11. How does Solomon think the host should react if his son takes apart his radio?
    He should be annoyed.
    He should punish his child.
    He should buy his son a new radio.
    He should encourage his son to continue to explore.

  12. Does Solomon have children?

  13. What mistake does Solomon think that many parents make?
    They give their children too much freedom.
    They focus too much on their children's grades.
    They make too many decisions for their children.

  14. What is Solomon's philosophy about raising children?
    Let children explore and find their own interests.
    Don't put too much pressure on children to get good grades.
    Help children study until they can make decisions by themselves.

triangle Sentence Building 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones

Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras.

Instrucciones: Escreva orações sobre o videoclipe usando as palavras-chave. Você pode alterar a forma da palavra ou adicionar palavras, mas não pode alterar a ordem das palavras.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다.

Sentence 1

in / Uganda / university / student / give / material / support / create / simple / robot / machine

In Uganda, university students are (being) given materials and support to create simple robotic machines.

Sentence 2

Solomon King / found / Fundi Bots / seven / year / ago / and / it / now / work / 60 / school / and / over / 3000 / student

Solomon King founded Fundi Bots seven years ago, and it now works with 60 schools and over 3000 students.

Sentence 3

Solomon / describe / small / two / wheel / robot / very / easy / assemble

Solomon describes a small two-wheel(ed) robot [that/which] is very easy to assemble.

Sentence 4

Africa / child / often / build / own / gadget / because / they / not / have / access / expensive / toy

African children often build their own gadgets because they don't have access to expensive toys.

Sentence 5

Solomon / think / child / will / long / interest / robotic / after / they / build / first / robot

Solomon thinks (that) children will have a long interest in robotics after they build their first robot.

Sentence 6

child / become / more / interest / when / they / realize / they / can / actual / make / something / react / light / sound

Children become more interested when they realize (that) they can actually make something react to light or sound.

Sentence 7

many / child / try / build / robot / can / solve / problem / community

Many children try to build robots [that/which] can solve problems [within/in] their communities.

Sentence 8

Solomon / say / many / school / apathetic / his / program / because / they / more / focus / help / student / pass / examination.

Solomon says (that) many schools are apathetic to his program because they are more focused on helping students (to) pass examinations.

Sentence 9

in / Uganda / and / many / Africa / country / school / focus / less / less / practical / science

In Uganda and many African countries, schools are focusing less and less on practical science.

Sentence 10

Solomon / suggest / parent / let / child / explore / much / possible

Solomon suggests (that) parents (should) let (their) children explore as much as possible.

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión

  1. What does Solomon think are the benefits of his program? Do you agree?
  2. Solomon says that schools in Uganda focus more on passing examinations than acquiring knowledge. Do you think schools in your country are similar or different? How?
  3. Have you ever built a robot or machine? How about your own mechanical toy? When? What was it?
  4. Solomon says that the students often try to build robots that can solve problems within their communities. What types of problems do you think he means? What do you think the robots do?
  5. What type or robot would you like to build?
  6. Did you ever take apart (disassemble) any of your or your parents' electonics (TV, game console, computer)? Were you able to reassemble it? How did your parents react?
';} ?>

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

How would you like to be able to create your own robot? In Uganda school, pupils and university students are being given the materials and support they need to create simple robotic machines as a way of encouraging hands-on skills. Solomon King founded Fundi Bots seven years ago. Your Global News podcast fun fact of the day is that fundi means craftsmen in Swahili. Fundi Bots now works with 60 schools and over 3000 students. Allen Kazuga went to visit Solomon and some of the young people he's working with at their robotic workshop in the Ugandan capital Kampala.

So this in particular is a type of robot. It's like the next version of the robot that we are building to help kids especially the younger kids. And so, it's a nice little two-wheel robot that is very easy to build and assemble.

And it just looks like a toy I'd make, or a toy used to make when I was a kid.

So, the thing about children in Africa is that many of them are actually building their own gadgets. You know many of them don't have access to the kind of resources that you know expensive toys require. And so many of us who grew up in the 80s and 90s, we had to build our own toys. But now we are in a place where we can automate those toys. And this was the dream that I had as a child. What if this little thing building would actually move?

Obstacle detected within one meter. All system optimum. Initiating collision avoidance. Please stand by.

Once a child has built a robot, they have a long interest in the robots. They are saying I can actually make something react to light. I can make it react to sound.

So they go for more complex things?

Yes. They've got more complex things, but they also go for solving solutions within their communities just like the students behind are doing.

Thank you. Goodbye.

Solomon, so you go to a lot of schools to try to get them to warm up to this idea of learning. Well what sort of response do you get?

The biggest response really is a sort of apathy.


Yes. Apathy. Because many schools are very focused on helping students pass examinations, and it's less about the actual knowledge. Ultimately education is not about passing tests. It's not about a certain grade. It's about knowledge. It's about knowledge and how you apply that knowledge to your daily life. But also, in Ugandan context and a lot of African countries, our context is that we are teaching less and less practical science in the classroom.

If I come back from work one day and I found that my son had opened up by radio and fiddled with it, should I be annoyed?

Ahhh, yes because it's an expensive radio. But ultimately, I think that it's something that you should encourage in a more creative way because this is someone who is trying to understand the world around them. I think, and this is from a point of ignorance because I'm not a parent, but I think the mistake that many parents make is that they make decisions for their children. My personal philosophy is let the child explore as much as possible and see where their interests are and then nurture those interests.

You are clearly not a parent.