Building Robots in School

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Published: 3.29.2018
Level 5   |   Time: 3:09
Accent: Ugandan, British
BBC Global News Podcast (3.14.2018)

A program called Fundi Bots in Uganda is giving students the opportunity to build robots in order to increase creativity and hands-on skills.

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You can download the file [ HERE ].

    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY

    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO

    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pupils [n] - students
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hands-on skills [exp] - practical skills (doing something)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ found [v] - establish a business
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a craftsman [n] - a person who builds things
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ assemble [v] - build, put together
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a gadget [n] - a small machine or device
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ optimum [adj] - best
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ automate [v] - make something function without human control
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an obstacle [n] - a thing that blocks one's way
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a collision [n] - one object hits/strikes another object
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ apathy [n] - disinterest
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fiddle with [phv] - try to make minor changes or improvements
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ from a point of ignorance [exp] - offer an opinion without personal experience
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ nurture [v] - encourage and develop

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


  1. Who is being given the opportunity to build robots?
    school children
    university students
    parents
    teachers

  2. Why are they being given the opportunity to build robots?
    To develop practical skills
    To encourage students to work hard
    To develop creativity

  3. What does the woman mention about Fundi Bots?
    It was founded by Solomon Hill.
    It was founded 7 years ago.
    Fundi mean "fun" in Swahili.
    Fundi works with 60 schools.
    Fundi works with about 300 students.
    Fundi only works with schools in Kampala.

  4. The robot that they describe _____.
    has two wheels
    is easy to make
    was made by a university student
    looks like a toy

  5. Solomon mentions that _____.
    the robots are very expensive.
    children in Africa often can't afford expensive toys
    African schools usually don't have a lot of toys

  6. What can the robot detect?
    The fastest route to get to a destination
    Obstacles that are nearby
    The voice of the person controlling it

  7. What can the robots do?
    They can react to light.
    They can react to sound.
    They can go over small hills.
    They can make decisions without human help.

  8. How do most of the schools react to the Fundi Bots robot program?
    They are very excited.
    They are curious.
    They are mostly disinterested.

  9. What does Solomon say that most schools focus on?
    Helping students pass tests
    Preparing students for their job
    Giving students knowledge.

  10. What does Solomon think that schools should focus on?
    Helping students pass tests
    Preparing students for their job
    Giving students knowledge.

  11. How does Solomon think the host should react if his son takes apart his radio?
    He should be annoyed.
    He should punish his child.
    He should buy his son a new radio.
    He should encourage his son to continue to explore.

  12. Does Solomon have children?
    Yes
    No

  13. What mistake does Solomon think that many parents make?
    They give their children too much freedom.
    They focus too much on their children's grades.
    They make too many decisions for their children.

  14. What is Solomon's philosophy about raising children?
    Let children explore and find their own interests.
    Don't put too much pressure on children to get good grades.
    Help children study until they can make decisions by themselves.



triangle Script 대본 Texto


How would you like to be able to create your own robot? In Uganda school, pupils and university students are being given the materials and support they need to create simple robotic machines as a way of encouraging hands-on skills. Solomon King founded Fundi Bots seven years ago. Your Global News podcast fun fact of the day is that fundi means craftsmen in Swahili. Fundi Bots now works with 60 schools and over 3000 students. Allen Kazuga went to visit Solomon and some of the young people he's working with at their robotic workshop in the Ugandan capital Kampala.

So this in particular is a type of robot. It's like the next version of the robot that we are building to help kids especially the younger kids. And so it's a nice little two-wheel robot that is very easy to build and assemble.

And it just looks like a toy I'd make or a toy used to make when I was a kid.

So the thing about children in Africa is that many of them are actually building their own gadgets. You know many of them don't have access to the kind of resources that you know expensive toys require. And so many of us who grew up in the 80s and 90s, we had to build our own toys. But now we are in a place where we can automate those toys. And this was the dream that I had as a child. What if this little thing building would actually move.

Obstacle detected within one meter. All system optimum. Initiating collision avoidance. Please stand by.

Once a child has built a robot, they have a long interest in the robots. They are saying I can actually make something react to light. I can make it react to sound.

So they go for more complex things?

Yes they've got more complex things, but they also go for solving solutions within their communities just like the students behind are doing.

Thank you. Goodbye.

Solomon, so you go to a lot of schools to try to get them to warm up to this idea of learning. Well what sort of response do you get?

The biggest response really is a sort of apathy.

Apathy?

Yes. Apathy. Because many schools are very focused on helping students pass examinations, and it's less about the actual knowledge. Ultimately education is not about passing tests. It's not about a certain grade. It's about knowledge. It's about knowledge and how you apply that knowledge to your daily life. But also in Ugandan context and a lot of African countries, our context is that we are teaching less and less practical science in the classroom.

If I come back from workw one day and I found that my son had opened up by radio and fiddled with it, should I be annoyed?

Ahhh, yes because it's an expensive radio. But ultimately I think that it's something that you should encourage in a more creative way because this is someone who is trying to understand the world around them. I think, and this is from a point of ignorance because I'm not a parent, but I think the mistake that many parents make is that they make decisions for their children. My personal philosophy is let the child explore as much as possible and see where their interests are and then nurture those interests.

You are clearly not a parent.