Learn English with Friends

New Year's Resolutions


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Published: 12.28.2022
Level 3   |   Time: 2:03
Accent: American
Source: Friends [S5 E11]

The Friends make their New Year's resolutions for 1999.

    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a New Year's resolution [n] - a promise to do something (made on New Year's Eve)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pilot [v] - drive, control an airplane
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a commercial jet [n] - an airplane used to transport people [image] ESL Vocab - a jet airplane
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a planeload of... [exp] - an airplane that is full of...
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ plummet to their deaths [exp] - fall and die
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ make fun of [exp] - tease, laugh at, joke about someone
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bucks [n] - dollars
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a resume [n] - a document that includes education and work experience, used to apply for a job
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a stapler [n] - a tool used to connect/attach pieces of paper [image] ESL Vocab - a stapler
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a desk drawer [n] - the drawer of a desk [image] ESL Vocab - a drawer
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ keep his stapler in his desk drawer [exp] - a metaphor that means "not sleep with other girls"
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ gossip [v] - talk about people's personal lives
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ keep an eye on [phv] - watch, monitor
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pass on [phv] - give
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a public service [n] - something that you do that helps society

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


Ross Phoebe Chandler Joey Rachel
Ross Phoebe Chandler Joey Rachel
  • It is New Year's Day.
  • Chandler likes to make fun of his friends.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas


  1. What is Ross's New Year's resolution?
    Gossip less
    Learn to fly a plane
    Learn another language
    Stop making fun of people
    Do something new every day

  2. What is Phoebe's New Year's resolution?
    Lose weight
    Learn to fly a plane
    Learn to play the guitar
    Do something new every day

  3. What problem does Chandler see with Phoebe's resolution?
    It is expensive.
    She is afraid of flying.
    It will take a long time.
    It is dangerous for passengers.

  4. What bet do Ross and Chandler make?
    Chandler can't lose 15 pounds in a week.
    Chandler can't lose 15 pounds in a year.
    Chandler can't stop gossiping for a week.
    Chandler can't stop gossiping for a year.
    Chandler can't stop making fun of people for a week.
    Chandler can't stop making fun of people for a year.

  5. How much money do they bet?
    5 dollars
    15 dollars
    50 dollars
    100 dollars

  6. What is Joey's New Year's resolution?
    Gossip less
    Save more money
    Learn another language
    Learn to play the guitar

  7. Why does he choose this resolution?
    It is on his resume.
    He is jealous of Phoebe.
    He wants to meet more girls.

  8. What does Phoebe offer to do?
    Teach Joey
    Give some money to Joey
    Move into Joey's apartment

  9. What is Rachel gossiping about?
    Her friend needs to lose weight.
    Her friend's boyfriend is cheating.
    Her coworker is stealing things from the office.

  10. What New Year's resolution does Monica suggest that Rachel make?
    Gossip less
    Read more books
    Learn another language
    Do something new every day



triangle Grammar 문법 Gramática Gramática (aux. verbs)


Directions: 1) Read the conversation and choose the word or expression that you think is best. 2) Listen again and check your answers.

Instrucciones: 1) Lea la conversación y elija la palabra o expresión que crea que es mejor. 2) Escuche y verifique sus respuestas.

Instrucciones: 1) Leia a conversa e escolha a palavra ou expressão que você criou que é melhor. 2) Ouça e verifique suas respostas.

지시 사항 : 1) 대화를 읽고 가장 적절하다고 생각되는 단어나 표현을 고르세요. 2) 답변을 듣고 확인합니다.


  • I (am going to) be happy this year. I (am going to) make myself happy.
  • (Do) you want us to leave the room, or?
  • Every day I (am going to) do one thing I (have) never done before.
  • Now all you (have to) do is find a planeload of people whose resolution is to plummet to their deaths.
  • Maybe your resolution (should) be not to make fun of your friends.
  • In fact, I (will) bet you 50 bucks you (can't) go the whole year without making fun of us.
  • I (will) take that bet, my friend.
  • And you know what? Paying me the 50 bucks (can) be the new thing you do that day.
  • I (would) love it if one of those was true.
  • (Do) you want me to teach you?
  • Really? Who (have) you taught?
  • Yeah, that (would) be great! Yeah, thanks Pheebs!
  • Claire forgot her glasses! And she (is going to) be really needing these to keep an eye on that boyfriend.
  • He needs to keep his stapler in his desk drawer, if you know what I (am) talking about.
  • Hey Rach, maybe your resolution (should) be to gossip less.
  • I (don't) gossip!
  • It (doesn't) mean I'm a gossip.



triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.


Sentence 1

Ross / decide / he / want / be / happy / this / year


Ross decides (that) he wants to be [happy/happier] this year.



Sentence 2

Ross / New / Year / resolution / is / do / one / thing / every / day / he / never / do / before


Ross's New Year's resolution is to do one thing every day (that) he has never done before.



Sentence 3

Phoebe / New / Year / resolution / is / learn / pilot / commercial / jet


Phoebe's New Year's resolution is to learn (how) to pilot a commercial jet.



Sentence 4

Chandler / make / fun / Phoebe / resolution


Chandler makes fun of Phoebe's resolution.



Sentence 5

Ross / bet / Chandler / 50 / buck / he / not / go / week / without / make / fun / friend


Ross bets Chandler 50 bucks (that) he can't go [a/one] week without making fun of his friends.



Sentence 6

Joey / New / Year / resolution / is / learn / play / guitar


Joey's New Year's resolution is to learn (how) to play (the) guitar.



Sentence 7

Phoebe / offer / give / Joey / guitar / lesson


Phoebe offers to give Joey guitar lessons.



Sentence 8

when / Rachel / start / gossip / Monica / says / Rachel / resolution / should / be / gossip / less


When Rachel starts [gossiping/to gossip], Monica says (that) Rachel's resolution should be to gossip less.



Sentence 9

Rachel / insist / she / offer / public / service / not / gossip


Rachel insists (that) she is offering a public service, not gossiping.



triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Ouça e repita Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat


This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.

Ouvir e repetir


Esta atividade tem dois propósitos.

O primeiro objetivo é melhorar a precisão auditiva. Os alunos geralmente podem entender o significado geral de um vídeo, mas ainda não ouvem e entendem muitas das palavras que são ditas. Isso ocorre porque os falantes nativos tendem a dizer as palavras funcionais de forma pouco clara. (por exemplo, não sei, vou, quero, não posso, devo ter) Esta atividade é projetada para ajudar os alunos a melhorar sua capacidade de ouvir essas palavras.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e tentar repetir exatamente o que ouviram. Em seguida, deveriam clicar em “Mostrar” e ler a frase. Depois de ler a frase, os alunos devem ouvir novamente e tentar ouvir cada palavra.

O segundo objetivo é melhorar a pronúncia.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e ler as frases ao mesmo tempo. Em seguida, os alunos devem tentar copiar exatamente a pronúncia e a entonação do falante.

DICA: É útil exagerar na entonação e no sentimento do falante. Pode parecer estranho ou engraçado, mas ajudará você a soar mais natural.


Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

Instrucciones: Reproduzca el clip de audio e intente repetir lo que escucha. Haga clic en "Mostrar" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.


Clip 1

I am going to make myself happy.



Clip 2

Do you want us to leave the room?



Clip 3

Every day I am going to do one thing I have never done before.



Clip 4

Mine is to pilot a commercial jet.



Clip 5

Now all you have to do is find a planeload of people whose resolution is to plummet to their deaths.



Clip 6

Maybe your resolution should be not to make fun of your friends.



Clip 7

In fact, I'll bet you 50 bucks you can't go the whole year without making fun of us.



Clip 8

And you know what? Paying me the 50 bucks can be the new thing you do that day.



Clip 9

Alright, my New Year's resolution is to learn how to play guitar.



Clip 10

I would love it if one of those was true.



Clip 11

Do you want me to teach you? I'm a great teacher.



Clip 12

And she's going to be really needing these to keep an eye on that boyfriend.



Clip 13

Hey Rach, maybe your resolution should be to, um, gossip less.



Clip 14

You know, kind of like a public service.



triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. Whose resolution do you like the most? Whose resolution do you like least? Why?
  2. Whose resolution will be the most difficult to keep? Why?
  3. Rachel's bad habit is that she gossips too much. Chandler's bad habit is that he makes fun of his friends. Which one is worse? Why?
  4. What bad habit do you have that you want to break? What bad habit do you have that you DON'T want to break?
  5. Joey can't play guitar, but it is on his resume. Do you have anything on your resume that is not true? What is it?
  6. What were some of your previous New Year's resolutions? How long did you keep them?
  7. What is/was your resolution for this year?
  8. Below is a list of the ten most common New Year's resolutions. Before you click the "Show" button below, how many can you guess?
    1. Exercise more
    2. Lose weight
    3. Get organized
    4. Learn a new skill or hobby
    5. Live life to the fullest
    6. Save more money / spend less money
    7. Quit smoking
    8. Spend more time with family and friends
    9. Travel more
    10. Read more


    Taken from: [ www.goskills.com ].

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Ross: I am going to be happy this year. I am going to make myself happy.

Chandler: Do you want us to leave the room, or?

Ross: Every day I am going to do one thing I have never done before. That, my friends, is my New Year's resolution.

Phoebe: Ooh! That's a good one! Mine is to pilot a commercial jet.

Chandler: That's good one too, Pheebs. Now all you have to do is find a planeload of people whose resolution is to plummet to their deaths.

Phoebe: Maybe your resolution should be not to make fun of your friends.

Ross: In fact, I'll bet you 50 bucks you can't go the whole year without making fun of us. Alright, you know what, better yet, a week.

Chandler: I'll take that bet my friend. And you know what? Paying me the 50 bucks can be the new thing you do that day. And it starts right now!

Joey: Alright, my New Year's resolution is to learn how to play guitar.

Phoebe: Really?! How come?

Joey: Well, you know those special skills I have listed on my resume? I would love it if one of those was true.

Phoebe: Do you want me to teach you? I'm a great teacher.

Joey: Really? Who have you taught?

Phoebe: Well, I taught me, and I love me.

Joey: Yeah, that'd be great! Yeah, thanks Pheebs!

Rachel: Oh, look! Claire forgot her glasses! And she's going to be really needing these to keep an eye on that boyfriend, who, from what I hear, needs to keep his stapler in his desk drawer, if you know what I'm talking about.

Monica: Hey Rach, maybe your resolution should be to gossip less.

Rachel: I don't gossip!

Rachel: Well, maybe sometimes I find out things or I hear something, and I pass that information on. You know, kind of like a public service. It doesn't mean I'm a gossip.

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