Drongo Bird vs. Meerkats

icon
Published: 6.03.2017
Level 4   |   Time: 3:21
Accent: British
Source: BBC Earth

A drongo bird tricks a group of meerkats to get food.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY

    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO

    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a drongo [n] - a type of bird
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a meerkat [n] - a small animal like a mongoose
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a trickster [n] - someone who tries to trick/fool others
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a victim [n] - the target of a trickster
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ spot [v] - see
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grateful [adj] - thankful
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ scurry [v] - run away (used for small animals and insects)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sound a warning [exp] - give a warning
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ be over [exp] - be finished / be done
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a false alarm [exp] - a warning that is not real or true
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fall for it [exp] - be fooled or tricked by something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sentry [n] - a guard
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ mimic [v] - copy
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a gang [n] - a group
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ outsmart [v] - be more clever than

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


  1. Where is this video taking place?
    The Sahara Desert
    The Gobi Desert
    The Kalahari Desert

  2. When is this video taking place
    in the morning
    in the afternoon
    in the evening

  3. What is the eagle doing?
    It is looking for a mate.
    It is hunting.
    It is resting.

  4. Why does the drongo send the first warning?
    Because an eagle is nearby.
    Because it is lonely.
    Because there is a scorpion.

  5. What do the meerkats do when they hear the first warning??
    They protect their food.
    They scurry away and hide.
    They ignore the drongo.

  6. Why does the drongo send the second warning?
    Because the eagle has returned.
    In order to steal the meerkats food.
    In order to protect the meerkats.

  7. Why do the meerkats ignore the drongo's third warning?
    Because they are hungry.
    Because they don't fear eagles.
    Because they know it is a trick.

  8. Why do the meerkats run away the second time?
    Because the drongo has mimicked the meerkats own warning call.
    Because one of the meerkats is killed by an eagle.
    Because they can see the eagle.



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order.


Sentence 1

in / video / family / meerkat / victim / drongo


In this video, a family of meerkats are the victims of a drongo.



Sentence 2

meerkat / begin / search / food / morning / sun


The meerkats begin [searching/to search] for food [in/under] the morning sun.



Sentence 3

after / spot / eagle / drongo / sound / warning


After [spotting/it spots] an eagle, the drongo sounds a warning.



Sentence 4

because / drongo / warning / meerkat / scurry / hole


Because of the drongo's warning, the meerkats scurry into their holes.



Sentence 5

then / drongo / sound / false / warning / allow / drongo / steal / meerkat / food


Then the drongo sounds a false warning, allowing the drongo to steal [the/a] meerkat's food.
Then the drongo sounds a false warning, which allows the drongo to steal [the/a] meerkat's food.



Sentence 6

when / drongo / try / trick / meerkat / again / meerkat / not / fall / it


When the drongo tries to trick the meerkats again, the meerkats don't fall for it.



Sentence 7

finally / drongo / learn / mimic / call / meerkat / sentry / and / fool / meerkat / yet / again


Finally, the drongo learns to mimic the call of [a/the] meerkat sentry and fool the meerkats yet again.



triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. The drongo plays two different tricks on the meerkats. What are they?
  2. Is the drongo a smart animal or aninal? Or is this just a learned behavior?
  3. What are the smartest animals on earth?
  4. What behaviors indicate that an animal is intelligent?
  5. Can you mimic the sounds of any animals? Which ones? Can you demonstrate?
    (Don't tell your partners the name of animal that your are mimicing. Let them try to guess.)

triangle Script 대본 Texto


The drongo is the Kalahari’s greatest trickster, and these are his victims.

A family of meerkats – desert specialists.

After warming up in the morning sun, the meerkats begin their search for breakfast.

The drongo can now begin his tricks, but he must first win the confidence of his victims.

He spots an eagle on the hunt and sounds a warning, one that sends the meerkats gratefully scurrying for safety.

(The) danger is over and now he has their trust.

He sounds another warning, but this time it’s a false alarm.

Thank you very much.

The meerkats fell for it.

This all seems too easy.

He tries the same trick again, but the meerkats aren’t stupid.

They’ll only fall for it once.

The juicy scorpion won’t be for him.

Then suddenly the sound of a sentry’s warning.

No meerkat can ignore that.

Sentries never lie, but the sentry sees no danger.

Guess who?

Of course, it’s the drongo.

He’s learned to mimic the meerkats’ own warning call.

And now he can enjoy his prize.

A gang of meerkats outsmarted by a bird.