Learn English with Friends

Three Years Earlier (5)


icon
Published: 6.28.2021
Level 3   |   Time: 2:01
Accent: American
Source: Friends [S3 E06]

Phoebe finally admits that she has moved out of Monica's apartment.

    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the third degree [exp] - asking many questions in a very strict way (like a police officer)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a dot [n] - a very small spot
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ ink [n] - the liquid inside a pen or marker
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a sofa cushion [n] - the pillow on a sofa [image] ESL Vocab - a cushion
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ turn (something) over [phv] - flip something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a stain [n] - a dirty mark that is not easily cleaned or removed
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the sink [n] - the place in the kitchen where you wash food and dishes [image] ESL Vocab - a sink
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ It's not your fault. [exp] - It is not your responsibility or mistake.

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


picture picture
Phoebe Monica
  • Phoebe and Monica were roommates.
  • Phoebe recently moved out.
  • Phoebe didn't tell Monica that she moved out.
  • Phoebe has been pretending that she still lives with Monica.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas


  1. Phoebe's bed was stolen.
    True
    False

  2. Phoebe has recently moved out of Monica's apartment.
    True
    False

  3. Phoebe thinks the apartment is too cold.
    True
    False

  4. Monica didn't know that Phoebe moved out.
    True
    False

  5. Nobody knows that Phoebe moved out.
    True
    False

  6. Phoebe moved out because Monica is very messy.
    True
    False

  7. Phoebe spilled spaghetti on one side of a cushion.
    True
    False

  8. Phoebe spilled ink on the other side of the cushion.
    True
    False

  9. Phoebe thinks that she and Monica will stop being friends if Phoebe moves out.
    True
    False



triangle Grammar 문법 Gramática Gramática (perfect modals)


Directions: 1) Read the conversation and choose the word or expression that you think is best. 2) Listen again and check your answers.

Instrucciones: 1) Lea la conversación y elija la palabra o expresión que crea que es mejor. 2) Escuche y verifique sus respuestas.

Instrucciones: 1) Leia a conversa e escolha a palavra ou expressão que você criou que é melhor. 2) Ouça e verifique suas respostas.

지시 사항 : 1) 대화를 읽고 가장 적절하다고 생각되는 단어나 표현을 고르세요. 2) 답변을 듣고 확인합니다.


  • Where’s your bed?
  • It’s not in the apartment? Oh no. I (can't believe) this is happening again.
  • What?
  • Okay, enough with the third degree! I don’t live here anymore.
  • What are you talking about?
  • I’m sorry, I don’t live here anymore. I didn’t know how to tell you, but everybody else knows!
  • Everybody knows!
  • That was supposed to be a good thing. I forget why. Just listen, Monica. Do you know, I (couldn't sleep) for like a month because I got like a dot of ink on one of the sofa cushions.
  • Well, you (could have just turned) the cushion over.
  • Yeah, I (would have turned) it over, except I had a big spaghetti stain on the other side.
  • What?!?!
  • Okay, this is what I’m talking about. This. I need to live in a land where people (can spill) .
  • You (can spill) , in the sink.
  • Aw, honey. It's not your fault. You know, this is who you are, and I love you, and I want us to be friends. And if I keep living here, I don't see that happening.



triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.


Sentence 1

Monica / notice / Phoebe / bed / miss / while / she / vacuum


Monica notices (that) Phoebe's bed is missing while she is vacuuming.



Sentence 2

Phoebe / admit / she / not / live / there / anymore


Phoebe admits (that) she doesn't live there anymore.



Sentence 3

Phoebe / tell / Monica / everybody / else / know


Phoebe tells Monica (that) everybody else knows.



Sentence 4

Phoebe / not / sleep / month / because / she / got / dot / ink / one / sofa / cushion


Phoebe couldn't sleep for a month because she got a dot of ink on one of the sofa cushions.
Phoebe didn't sleep for a month because she got a dot of ink on one of the sofa cushions.



Sentence 5

Phoebe / spill / spaghetti / other / side / same / cushion


Phoebe spilled spaghetti on the other side of the same cushion.



Sentence 6

Monica / tell / Phoebe / she / can / spill / sink


Monica tells Phoebe (that) she can spill in the sink.



Sentence 7

Phoebe / think / she / Monica / not / friend / if / they / keep / live / together


Phoebe thinks (that) she and Monica [won't/can't] be friends if they keep living together.



Sentence 8

Monica / give / Phoebe / hug


Monica gives Phoebe a hug.



Sentence 9

Monica / wonder / which / cushion / have / spaghetti / stain


Monica is wondering which cushion has [the/a] spaghetti stain.



Level Up ( use a past unreal conditional )

if / Phoebe / continue / live / Monica / they / not / remain / friend


If Phoebe had continued [living/to live] with Monica, they wouldn't have remained friends.



triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Ouça e repita Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat


This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.

Ouvir e repetir


Esta atividade tem dois propósitos.

O primeiro objetivo é melhorar a precisão auditiva. Os alunos geralmente podem entender o significado geral de um vídeo, mas ainda não ouvem e entendem muitas das palavras que são ditas. Isso ocorre porque os falantes nativos tendem a dizer as palavras funcionais de forma pouco clara. (por exemplo, não sei, vou, quero, não posso, devo ter) Esta atividade é projetada para ajudar os alunos a melhorar sua capacidade de ouvir essas palavras.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e tentar repetir exatamente o que ouviram. Em seguida, deveriam clicar em “Mostrar” e ler a frase. Depois de ler a frase, os alunos devem ouvir novamente e tentar ouvir cada palavra.

O segundo objetivo é melhorar a pronúncia.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e ler as frases ao mesmo tempo. Em seguida, os alunos devem tentar copiar exatamente a pronúncia e a entonação do falante.

DICA: É útil exagerar na entonação e no sentimento do falante. Pode parecer estranho ou engraçado, mas ajudará você a soar mais natural.


Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

Instrucciones: Reproduzca el clip de audio e intente repetir lo que escucha. Haga clic en "Mostrar" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.


Clip 1

It's not in the apartment?



Clip 2

I can't believe this is happening again.



Clip 3

What are you talking about?



Clip 4

But you know, everybody else knows!



Clip 5

That was supposed to be a good thing. I forget why.



Clip 6

You could have just turned the cushion over.



Clip 7

I would have, except I had a big spaghetti stain on the other side.



Clip 8

I need to live in a land where people can spill.



Clip 9

You know, this is who you are.



Clip 10

And I want us to be friends.



Clip 11

And if I keep living here, I don't see that happening.



Clip 12

No you're not. You're wondering which cushion it is.



triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. Why did Phoebe move out of the apartment? Why didn't she tell Monica?
  2. Would you rather live with a messy roommate (like Phoebe) or a super clean roommate (like Monica)? Why?
  3. What type of bed do you sleep in? What type of bed do you want?
  4. Have you stopped being friends with any close friends? Did you drift apart slowly or have a big fight? Why did you stop being friends?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Monica: Pheebs?

Phoebe: Huh?

Monica: Where's your bed?

Phoebe: It's not in the apartment? Oh no. I can't believe this is happening again.

Monica: What?

Phoebe: Okay, enough with the third degree! I've, I don't live here anymore.

Monica: What are you talking about?

Phoebe: I'm sorry, I-I-I-I don't live here anymore. I didn't know how to tell you, but you know, everybody else knows!

Monica: Everybody knows!

Phoebe: That was supposed to be a good thing. I forget why. Just listen, Monica. I, do you know, okay, do you know, I couldn't sleep for like a month because I got like a dot of ink on one of the sofa cushions.

Monica: Well, you could have just turned the cushion over.

Phoebe: Yeah, I would have (turned it over), except I had a big spaghetti stain on the other side.

Monica: What?!?!

Phoebe: Okay, this is what I'm talking about. This. I-I need to live in a land where people can spill.

Monica: You can spill, in the sink.

Phoebe: Aw, honey. It's not your fault. You know, this is who you are, and I love you, and I want us to be friends. And if I keep living here, I don't see that happening.

Monica: I love you, too.

Phoebe: Aww, good. What?

Monica: What? I'm just sad.

Phoebe: No you're not. You're wondering which cushion it is.

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