#2. Rachel Gets a Job

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Published: 9.20.2020
Level 4   |   Time: 3:40
Accent: American
Source: Friends [S1 E01]

Rachel's father stops giving her money, so she decides to get a job.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ my entire life [exp] - all of my life
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ on a roll [exp] - being successful or productive for a long time
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a Western omelette [n] - a fried egg dish
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ It doesn't make a difference. [exp] - It is not important.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ regional work [exp] - local jobs
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Pinocchio [n] - a wooden puppet who wants to be a real boy
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ abuse [n] - treat someone badly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a hanger [n] - a metal or pastic thing used to hang clothes on
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ upbeat [adj] - happy
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Joan and David [n] - an expensive clothing brand
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ live off your parents [exp] - your parents pay for everything in your life

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 Antecedentes


picture picture picture picture
Rachel Monica Joey Chandler
  • Rachel has just run away from her wedding with Barry.
  • Monica and Rachel are roommates.
  • Monica had a date with Paul last night.
  • Joey and Chandler live across the hall from Monica and Rachel.

triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


  1. This is the first time Rachel has made coffee.
    True
    False

  2. Joey and Chandler like the coffee that Rachel made.
    True
    False

  3. Monica wants to talk to Joey and Chandler about Paul (the guy who spent the night).
    True
    False

  4. Chandler thinks his job is important.
    True
    False

  5. Rachel doesn't have a job.
    True
    False

  6. Joey is an actor.
    True
    False

  7. Joey is a successful actor.
    True
    False

  8. Monica hates Paul (the guy who spent the night).
    True
    False

  9. Rachel plans to look for a job.
    True
    False

  10. Rachel went shopping instead of going to job interviews.
    True
    False

  11. Rachel has many professional skills.
    True
    False

  12. Rachel bought the new boots with her own money.
    True
    False

  13. Rachel's parents pay for her credit cards.
    True
    False

  14. Rachel wanted to get married so that she wouldn't have to work.
    True
    False

  15. Rachel now wants to live independently.
    True
    False

  16. Rachel got a job at the coffee shop.
    True
    False



triangle Grammar 문법 Gramática (count/non-count nouns)


Directions: Choose the word or expression that best completes the sentence.

Instrucciones: Elija la palabra o expresión que mejor complete la oración.

지시 사항 : 문장을 가장 잘 완성하는 단어나 표현을 선택하십시오.


  • Chandler: That is amazing.
  • Congratulations.
  • Listen, while you're on (a roll) , if you feel like you have got to make like a Western omelette or something... Although actually I'm really not that hungry...
  • Morning. Good morning.

    Paul: Morning.
  • Morning, Paul.
  • Hello, Paul.
  • Hi, Paul, is it?
  • I had a really great time last night.
  • Thank you! Thank you so much!
  • We'll talk later.
  • Yeah. Thank you.
  • Shut up, and put my table back.
  • Okayyy!
  • All right, kids, I have got to get to (work) . If I don't input (those numbers) , it doesn't make much of (a difference) .
  • So, like, you (guys) all have (jobs) ?
  • Yeah, we all have (jobs) . See, that's how we buy (stuff) .
  • Yeah, I'm an actor.
  • Wow! Would I have seen you in anything?
  • I doubt it. Mostly regional (work) .
  • Oh wait, wait, unless you happened to catch the Wee-Ones production of Pinocchio.
  • Look, Gippetto, I'm a real live boy.
  • I will not take (this abuse) .
  • You're right, I'm sorry. "Once I was a wooden boy, a little wooden boy..."
  • So how you doing today? Did you sleep okay? Did you talk to Barry? I can't stop smiling.
  • I can see that. You look like you slept with a hanger in your mouth.
  • Okay. Okay. I am just going to get up, go to (work) and not think about him all day. Or else I'm just going to get up and go to (work) .
  • Oh, look, wish me (luck) !
  • What for?
  • I'm going to go get one of those ... job (things) .
  • Guess what?
  • You got (a job) ?
  • Are you kidding? I'm trained for nothing! I was laughed out of twelve (interviews) today.
  • And yet you're surprisingly upbeat.
  • You would be too if you found Joan and David boots on sale, fifty percent off!
  • Oh, how well you know me...
  • They're my new I don't need (a job) , I don't need my parents, I've got great boots!
  • How'd you pay for them?
  • Uh, credit card.
  • And who pays for that?
  • Um... my... father.
  • Come on, you can't live off your parents your whole life.
  • I know that. That's why I was getting married.
  • Come on, cut. Cut, cut, cut,...
  • Cut, cut, cut, cut, cut, cut, cut...
  • Welcome to the real world! It sucks. You're going to love it!
  • I can't believe what I'm hearing here.
  • I can't believe what I'm hearing here...
  • What? I-I said you had a-
  • What I said you had...
  • Would you stop?
  • Oh, was I doing it again?
  • Yes!
  • Would anybody like more (coffee) ?
  • Did you make it, or are you just serving it?
  • I'm just serving it.
  • Yeah. Yeah, I'll have a cup of (coffee) .



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use present tense.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.


Sentence 1

Rachel / make / coffee / for / first / time / life


Rachel makes coffee for the first time in her life.



Sentence 2

Chandler / Joey / dump / coffee / Rachel / make / plant / table


Chandler and Joey dump the coffee (that) Rachel made into the plant on the table.



Sentence 3

Paul / Monica / walk / out / Monica / bedroom


Paul and Monica walk out of Monica's bedroom.



Sentence 4

Monica / give / Paul / goodbye / kiss


Monica gives Paul a goodbye kiss.



Sentence 5

Rachel / ask / Joey / job


Rachel asks Joey about his job.
Rachel asks Joey what his job is.



Sentence 6

Chandler / dance / out / room / Pinocchio


Chandler dances out of the room like Pinocchio.



Sentence 7

Monica / Rachel / talk / Paul


Monica and Rachel talk about Paul.



Sentence 8

Rachel / tell / Monica / she / going / look / job


Rachel tells Monica (that) she is going to look for a job.



Sentence 9

Rachel / show / everyone / boot / she / buy / 50% / off


Rachel shows everyone the boots (that) she bought for 50% off.



Sentence 10

Monica / ask / Rachel / how / she / pay / new / boot


Monica asks Rachel how she paid for her new boots.



Sentence 11

All / friend / encourage / Rachel / cut / father / credit card


All (of) the friends encourage Rachel to cut up her father's credit card.



Sentence 12

Rachel / now / work / waitress / cafe


Rachel now works as a waitress at the cafe.



triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat


This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.


Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.


Clip 1

I mean, I have never made coffee before in my entire life.



Clip 2

All right, kids. I have got to get to work.



Clip 3

Yeah, we all have jobs. See, that's how we buy stuff.



Clip 4

Would I have seen you in anything?



Clip 5

So how you doing today? Did you sleep okay?



Clip 6

I'm going to go get one of those job things.



Clip 7

How did you pay for them?



Clip 8

Come on, you can't live off your parents your whole life.



Clip 9

That's why I was getting married.



Clip 10

Welcome to the real world! It sucks. You're going to love it!



Clip 11

I can't believe what I'm hearing here.



Clip 12

Oh, was I doing it again?



Clip 13

Would anybody like more coffee?



Clip 14

Did you make it, or are you just serving it?



triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. Do you know what each character's job is (Ross, Phoebe, Monica, Joey, Chandler)?
  2. Rachel got a job as a waitress. Do you think she will be good at it? Why?
  3. What type of job do you think Rachel would be good at? Why?
  4. What was your first job? How old were you when you got it? How long did you work there? Did you love it or hate it?
  5. Would you rather have a job you hate but are successful at (like Chandler), or a job you like but are not successful at (like Joey)? Why?
  6. The TV show Friends introduced cafe culture to mainstream American TV. When did cafe culture become popular in your country?
  7. Do you prefer to go to franchise cafes (like Starbucks) or locally owned cafes? Why? Which type do you actually go to most often?

triangle Script 대본 Texto


Rachel: Isn't this amazing? I mean, I have never made coffee before in my entire life.

Chandler: That is amazing.

Joey: Congratulations.

Joey: Listen, while you're on a roll, if you feel like you have got to make like a Western omelette or something... Although actually I'm really not that hungry...

All: Morning. Good morning.

Paul: Morning.

Joey: Morning, Paul.

Rachel: Hello, Paul.

Chandler: Hi, Paul, is it?

Monica: I had a really great time last night.

Paul: Thank you! Thank you so much!

Monica: We'll talk later.

Paul: Yeah. Thank you.

Monica: Shut up, and put my table back.

All: Okayyy!

Chandler: All right, kids, I have got to get to work. If I don't input those numbers,... it doesn't make much of a difference...

Rachel: So, like, you guys all have jobs?

Monica: Yeah, we all have jobs. See, that's how we buy stuff.

Joey: Yeah, I'm an actor.

Rachel: Wow! Would I have seen you in anything?

Joey: I doubt it. Mostly regional work.

Monica: Oh wait, wait, unless you happened to catch the Wee-Ones production of Pinocchio.

Chandler: Look, Gippetto, I'm a real live boy.

Joey: I will not take this abuse.

Chandler: You're right, I'm sorry. "Once I was a wooden boy, a little wooden boy..."

Monica: So how you doing today? Did you sleep okay? Did you talk to Barry? I can't stop smiling.

Rachel: I can see that. You look like you slept with a hanger in your mouth.

Monica: Okay. Okay. I am just going to get up, go to work and not think about him all day. Or else I'm just going to get up and go to work.

Rachel: Oh, look, wish me luck!

Monica: What for?

Rachel: I'm going to go get one of those ... job things.

Rachel: Guess what?

Ross: You got a job?

Rachel: Are you kidding? I'm trained for nothing! I was laughed out of twelve interviews today.

Chandler: And yet you're surprisingly upbeat.

Rachel: You would be too if you found Joan and David boots on sale, fifty percent off!

Chandler: Oh, how well you know me...

Rachel: They're my new I don't need a job, I don't need my parents, I've got great boots!

Monica: How'd you pay for them?

Rachel: Uh, credit card.

Monica: And who pays for that?

Rachel: Um... my... father.

Monica: Come on, you can't live off your parents your whole life.

Rachel: I know that. That's why I was getting married.

Ross: Come on, cut. Cut, cut, cut,...

All: Cut, cut, cut, cut, cut, cut, cut...

Monica: Welcome to the real world! It sucks. You're going to love it!

Joey: I can't believe what I'm hearing here.

Phoebe: I can't believe what I'm hearing here...

Monica: What? I-I said you had a-

Phoebe: What I said you had...

Monica: Would you stop?

Phoebe: Oh, was I doing it again?

All: Yes!

Rachel: Would anybody like more coffee?

Chandler: Did you make it, or are you just serving it?

Rachel: I'm just serving it.

All: Yeah. Yeah, I'll have a cup of coffee.

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Rachel Runs Away
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Ross's Ex-Wife
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