The Genetics of Intelligence

icon
Published: 6.23.2017
Level 6   |   Time: 8:06
Accent: Canadian
Source: Quirks & Quarks (6.03.2017)

TOEFL: Two professors offer contrasting opinions on the value of studying how genetics affects a person's intelligence.

image        
image

You can download the file [ HERE ].

    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY

    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO

    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Gattaca - a famous movie about genetics [ Video ]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a notion [n] - an idea
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ DNA [n] - part of a chromosome that carries genetic information (deoxyribonucleic acid)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ exploit [v] - take advantage of / use
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ violate [v] - breaks / doesn't follow
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ inheritability [n] - ability to be inherited (genetically)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ general cognitive ability [exp] - intelligence
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ substantially [adv] - largely / significantly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a gene [n] - the physical unit of genetics
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ delving deep [exp] - examining closely
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ ghosts of the past [exp] - problems in the past
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ eugenics [n] - the science of improving humans by controlling breeding
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pick (stuff) up [phv] - learn
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ variance [n] - difference / variability
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grit [n] - courage / strength
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ literacy [n] - ability to read
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ numeracy [n] - ability to do math
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ seedy history [exp] - negative/ugly history
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grizzly apex [exp] - violent climax/high point
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ nature-nurture [exp] - genetics vs. environmental
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ schizophrenia [n] - a mental disorder
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ intervene [v] - interfere / affect
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ carve up [phv] - divide / separate
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a genome [n] - a complete set of genes
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ strikes me [exp] - makes me think
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a genotype [v] - the genetic composition of an individua
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ lead [exp] - a heavy metal (Pb)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ racial groups [exp] - ethnic groups / races
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ genetically predisposed [exp] - have a tendency due to genetics
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ offensive [exp] - causing someone to feel upset or angry
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ oppressive narrative [exp] - a well-known but unfair/racist set of beliefs
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ less well-off [exp] - not rich
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ lurking in the shadows [exp] - (a negative thing) hiding and waiting to attac

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Comprehension Questions 이해력 검사 문제 Preguntas de comprensión


  1. How does the host describe the idea that some people's DNA makes them smarter?
    Racist
    Uncomfortable
    Interesting

  2. What is the movie Gattaca about?
    The origins of space travel
    People's genetic advantages
    How to become smarter

  3. How long have scientists been studying the (in)heritability of intelligence?
    less than 100 years
    100 years
    more than 100 years

  4. According to Professor Plohman, what percentage of people's differences in intelligence come from differences in their DNA?
    Almost none
    At least half
    Almost all

  5. According to Professor Plohman's study, how many genes are related to intelligence?
    15
    50
    52

  6. What aspects does the host say the talk will focus on?
    Economic aspects
    Social aspects
    Ethical aspects
    Geographic aspects

  7. What does the host mean by "genetic discrimination"?
    Choosing the best genes when making babies
    Using genetic information to discriminate against people
    Supporting antipoverty ideas
    Studying the genetics of only some races

  8. Which of these statements does Professor Plohman make?
    Intelligence is the ability to learn.
    Some children learn faster than others.
    The best class size is 30 students.
    Class size has very little effect on children's ability to learn.
    Boys are better at math than girls.
    Genetics is the most important single factor for intelligence.
    We should blame schools and teachers instead of children when children have trouble learning.
    Children with low intelligence are usually unmotivated.
    Some children require a lot more effort to educate than others.
    Teachers should stop some children from reading so much.

  9. What has Dr. Tavery mainly studied?
    The manipulation of genes
    The genetic differences between races
    The ethics of studying genetics

  10. Who was Francis Galton related to?
    Charles Darwin
    James Tavery
    Robert Plohman

  11. What was the original meaning of the word "eugenics"?
    Gene study
    Good birth
    New genes

  12. What does Dr. Tavery say about the history of eugenics?
    It has a dark (negative) history.
    It was related to the (Jewish) holocaust in Nazi Germany
    It was started by Francis Galton.
    It was never studied in the US or Canada.

  13. What is the nature-nurture debate?
    The debate over the origin of eugenics
    Whether genetics or environment factors are more important in shaping your personality
    The way in which people inherit their genetic traits

  14. How does Dr. Tavery describe the study of genetics related to intelligence?
    Positively
    Neutrally
    Negatively

  15. What is Dr. Tavery afraid of?
    Children will be judged and separated based on their genes.
    Children will lose access to good education.
    Children will be forced to change their genes.

  16. What does Dr. Tavery think are the best ways to help children?
    Put genetically superior children in special schools.
    Give extra help to children with fewer intelligence genes.
    Improve the quality of children's drinking water.
    Give children more books.

  17. In a 2014 study, how many genes did scientists find related to intelligence?
    none
    three
    fifty-two

  18. What did other scientists use the 2014 study for?
    To show that some racial groups had more of the intelligence genes than others.
    To improve education for different racial groups
    To demonstrate the value of genetic engineering

  19. Why does Dr. Tavery say that using the study is problematic?
    People will use the study to show that some races are more intelligent than others.
    People will use the study to show that some people are poor because of genetic factors.
    People will use the study to stop research into genetics.

  20. What does Dr. Tavery promise will happen next?
    Further research on the genetics of intelligence will be stopped because of fear of racism.
    Someone will do a study to determine which racial group has the highest number of the 52 intelligence genes.
    Schools will start using the research to start making special classes for more intelligent students.



triangle TOEFL Questions TOEFL 문제 Preguntas de TOEFL icon



To see all of this activity, you can log in or sign up for free.

To see all of this activity, you can log in or sign up for free.


To see a full sample activity, check out Nuclear Energy .


And please consider supporting us on patreon.

Suggested donation:


student: $5/month  |  teacher: $8/month  |  superfan: $20/month

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o sregistrarse de forma gratuita.

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o registrarse de forma gratuita.


Para ver una actividad de muestra completa, consulte Nuclear Energy .


Y por favor considere apoyarnos en patreon.

Donación sugerida:


estudiante: $5/month  |  profesor: $8/month  |  superfan: $20/month

이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.

이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.


전체 샘플 활동을 보려면 Nuclear Energy 를 확인하십시오.


patreon을 통한 지원은 언제든지 환영입니다.

제안된 기부 :


학생 : $5/month  |  선생님 : $8/month  |  슈퍼팬 : $20/month



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

icon



To see all of this activity, you can log in or sign up for free.

To see all of this activity, you can log in or sign up for free.


To see a full sample activity, check out Nuclear Energy .


And please consider supporting us on patreon.

Suggested donation:


student: $5/month  |  teacher: $8/month  |  superfan: $20/month

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o sregistrarse de forma gratuita.

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o registrarse de forma gratuita.


Para ver una actividad de muestra completa, consulte Nuclear Energy .


Y por favor considere apoyarnos en patreon.

Donación sugerida:


estudiante: $5/month  |  profesor: $8/month  |  superfan: $20/month

이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.

이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.


전체 샘플 활동을 보려면 Nuclear Energy 를 확인하십시오.


patreon을 통한 지원은 언제든지 환영입니다.

제안된 기부 :


학생 : $5/month  |  선생님 : $8/month  |  슈퍼팬 : $20/month



triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión icon



To see all of this activity, you can log in or sign up for free.

To see all of this activity, you can log in or sign up for free.


To see a full sample activity, check out Nuclear Energy .


And please consider supporting us on patreon.

Suggested donation:


student: $5/month  |  teacher: $8/month  |  superfan: $20/month

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o sregistrarse de forma gratuita.

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o registrarse de forma gratuita.


Para ver una actividad de muestra completa, consulte Nuclear Energy .


Y por favor considere apoyarnos en patreon.

Donación sugerida:


estudiante: $5/month  |  profesor: $8/month  |  superfan: $20/month

이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.

이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.


전체 샘플 활동을 보려면 Nuclear Energy 를 확인하십시오.


patreon을 통한 지원은 언제든지 환영입니다.

제안된 기부 :


학생 : $5/month  |  선생님 : $8/month  |  슈퍼팬 : $20/month



triangle Script 대본 Texto icon



To see all of this activity, you can log in or sign up for free.

To see all of this activity, you can log in or sign up for free.


To see a full sample activity, check out Nuclear Energy .


And please consider supporting us on patreon.

Suggested donation:


student: $5/month  |  teacher: $8/month  |  superfan: $20/month

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o sregistrarse de forma gratuita.

Para ver toda esta actividad, puede iniciar sesión o registrarse de forma gratuita.


Para ver una actividad de muestra completa, consulte Nuclear Energy .


Y por favor considere apoyarnos en patreon.

Donación sugerida:


estudiante: $5/month  |  profesor: $8/month  |  superfan: $20/month

이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.

이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.


전체 샘플 활동을 보려면 Nuclear Energy 를 확인하십시오.


patreon을 통한 지원은 언제든지 환영입니다.

제안된 기부 :


학생 : $5/month  |  선생님 : $8/month  |  슈퍼팬 : $20/month