Brain Training Apps

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Published: 7.23.2017
Level 5   |   Time: 5:28
Accent: Canadian
Source: Quirks and Quarks (7.14.2017)

TOEFL: A clip about how effective brain training apps are at making you smarter.

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You can download the file [ HERE ].

    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY

    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO

    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the old refrain [exp] - the common expression
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ rot [v] - harm, make rotten
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ train [v] - practice
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ engaging [v] - using
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ tax [v] - put pressure on
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ cognitive skills [n] - brain ability
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a suite [n] - a set or group of things
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ executive function [n] - brain skills involving mental control and self-regulation
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ in the face of [exp] - during
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ screen out [phv] - remove unnecessary information
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ irrelevant [adj] - not important
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ go back and forth [exp] - alternate between two things
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ zero in on [phv] - focus on
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ rigorously [adv] - in an extremely careful way
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ assessments [n] - tests
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ distractors [n] - things that distract you
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ efficacy [n] - effectiveness
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fMRI [n] - functional magnetic resonance imaging - brain scanning machine
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ provocative [adj] - interesting
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ ultimately [adv] - in the end
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a real bummer [exp] - bad news

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Comprehension Questions 이해력 검사 문제 Preguntas de comprensión


  1. What do parents often say about playing video games?
    They are a fun.
    They are expensive.
    They are bad for your brain.

  2. What is Lumosity?
    An app that is supposed to make people smarter
    A company that measures brain activity
    A type of Pokemon

  3. What did Dr. Cable want to find out?
    Whether any video games made people smarter
    Whether brain training apps were effective
    Whether Lumosity was effective

  4. What effects do the brain training apps promise?
    They will make people smarter.
    They will improve people's memory.
    They will make people better at playing video games.

  5. What types of activities do the brain training apps focus on?
    Remembering things while being distracted
    Reading many different things at the same time
    Being able to multi-task
    Improving hand-eye coordination
    Being able to focus in on specific information

  6. What is an example of one of these activities?
    Being able to make a phone call and play a game at the same time
    Remembering 10 different phone numbers at the same time
    Remembering a phone number while being talked to

  7. What is the Stroop Task?
    Remembering the color of words
    Saying the color a word is written in
    Writing words in numerous different colors

  8. How do designers want people to use these games?
    People use them instead of playing regular video games.
    People use them while they are studying or learning other things.
    People use them again and again until they improve.

  9. Who did they compare the brain training app users to?
    Regular video game users
    People who didn't play any video games
    People who read a lot

  10. How did they assess people's cognitive ability and improvement?
    They tested their working memory.
    They measured their brain activity.
    They evaluated their decision making.

  11. How did they measure brain activity?
    They asked the people many questions.
    They used an fMRI.
    They measured how long people slept.

  12. What effects did the brain training apps have?
    None
    The same as playing regular video games
    They improved people's memory marginally.



triangle TOEFL Questions TOEFL 문제 Preguntas de TOEFL icon



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triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

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