Why do we drink?
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Published: 7.10.2021
Level 6   |   Time: 4:26
Accent: American
Source: Vox Today, Explained (7.02.2021)

TOEFL: A discussion on the evolutionary benefits drinking alcohol has brought to humans.

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You can download the file [ HERE ].

    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY

    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO

    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ get (something) out of the way [exp] - say/do something first so I can focus on something more important
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ capacity [n] - ability
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ endorphins [n] - chemicals produced by the body to reduce stress and pain
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ opiates [n] - a drug that makes you feel very happy (opioids)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ set (us) up [phv] - prepare (us)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ dovetail [v] - connect, join together
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ archaeological findings [n] - things discovered by archaeologists
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Gobekli Tempeh [n] - an ancient temple near Turkey
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ predate [v] - comes before (in time)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ perplexing [adj] - confusing
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the Agricultural Revolution [n] - when humans started farming
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ gigantic pillars [n] - large columns
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Stonehenge [n] - a famous site in England consisting of large rocks
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ elaborate [adj] - complex
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a vat [n] - a large tank or tub used to hold liquid (like beer or wine)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ old-school [adj] - old-fashioned, traditional
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a brewery [n] - a place where beer is made (brewed)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ puzzle (something) out [phv] - figure (something) out
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hunter-gatherers [n] - humans that find food by hunting (not farming)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ periodically [adv] - occasionally, from time to time
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the draw [n] - the attraction
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ booze [n] - alcohol
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an enterprise [n] - a business or complex activity
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ settle down [phv] - stop moving, live in one place
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fractious [adj] - don't work well together, difficult to control
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a line of thinking [exp] - a theory, a way of thinking
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ socially disinhibited [exp] - feeling free, very social, not shy
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ rally around [phv] - support, get excited about

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Comprehension Questions 이해력 검사 문제 Preguntas de comprensión


  1. The _____ reason people drink is because it is fun.
    obvious
    hidden
    controversial
    original

  2. Drinking _____ the production of endorphins.
    promotes
    restricts
    prevents

  3. Experts believe that alcohol must have some other _____ effects.
    positive
    negative

  4. Gobekli Tempeh, in eastern Turkey, was discovered _____ years ago.
    5
    10
    12
    25

  5. Gobekli Tempeh is believed to be the _____ human temple ever discovered.
    largest
    oldest
    most important

  6. Gobekli Tempeh is _____ Stonehenge.
    almost as old as
    half as old as
    a little older than
    two times older than

  7. Gobekli Tempeh _____ an agricultural site.
    was
    was not

  8. Gobekli Tempeh _____ an place where many people lived.
    was
    was not

  9. The stones at Gobekli Tempeh are covered with drawings of people _____ and _____.
    farming
    dancing
    drinking
    playing music
    working together

  10. The woman compares Gobekli Tempeh to an ancient _____.
    bar
    club
    brewery
    factory

  11. The attraction of food and alcohol encouraged people to ____.
    fight
    drink
    play music
    work together

  12. The woman states that humans are more like bees and ants than chimpanzees _____.
    historically
    biologically
    physically
    socially

  13. Chimpanzees are too fractious and competitive to work together _____.
    for a long time
    in large groups
    without alcohol
    during most studies

  14. According to the woman, alcohol socially disinhibits humans so that they can _____.
    live together
    cooperate
    work hard
    procreate

  15. Alcohol likely had a similar function as _____ for early humans.
    government
    religion
    medicine
    drugs
    war



triangle TOEFL Questions TOEFL 문제 Preguntas de TOEFL icon



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이 모든 활동을 보려면 무료로 로그인 하거나 가입 할 수 있습니다.

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triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

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triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión icon



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